This paper posits that as a general rule the qualify of college is bad compared to quality of University. If there is basis of the ranking by a certain magazine publisher on which college or university is ahead over the other, there is also basis to say that quality of college is bad compared to quality of university. Such was the result of the recent ranking by the US News where there is almost no college among the list of top one hundred.
Only Boston College could be found in the list (U. S. News and World Report, 2007b) with the rest are universities. It must be state that there basis of course for combining both college and university in the ranking as both are part of the higher education. What may make a college different from a university are the number of course offering and the population of students. The U. S.
News & World Report College and University have ranked the best known American college and university (U. S. News and World Report, (200b). As to how information is gathered, certain newspaper and magazine owners sometimes collect from each educational institution either from an annual survey sent to each school or from the school’s website or using opinion surveys of university faculty and administrators who do not belong to the school (U. S. News and World Report, 2007a), . There are reports that about college rankings not being published in an earlier year but not in all years succeeding. This would indicate therefore that universities are actually have been given more publicities more than the colleges which appears to sustain the proposition that university are of better quality than colleges.
The particular methodology used by the U. S. News rankings has been altered many times, that would perhaps support the news that not all available to the public and such would have resulted in having limited peer review of the rankings is limited. The U. S. News rankings, unlike some other such lists, create a strict hierarchy of colleges and universities in their “top tier,” rather than ranking only groups or “tiers” of schools; the individual schools’ order changes significantly every year the rankings are published.
The most important factors in the US News rankings include peer assessment as to the institution’s reputation among presidents, and deans of admission from other institution; retention, which usually involve six-year graduation rate and first-year student retention rate; method of student selection based test scores of admitted students under given standard; faculty resources as to average class size, salary, degree level, and other relevant criteria.
Other factor may include financial resources on per-student spending; graduation rate performance and; alumni giving rate. In the case of US survey, all the above these factors are combined according to statistical weights determined by U. S. News. But since the weighting is often changed by U. S. News from year to year, and is not empirically determined, the National Opinion Research Center methodology review found the weights to lacking any defensible empirical or theoretical basis.
This has therefore cause critics to accuse that U. S. News intentionally changes its methodology every year so that the rankings change and they can sell more magazines. Nevertheless, it may be stated that the first four such factors account for the great majority of the U. S. News ranking, which is about 80%, as claimed by U. S. News’s 2005 methodology, hence this appear still to give some credence of the surveys even on grounds of consistency. (Washington Montly,2000) It could then be asked, would the seeming lack of theoretical basis for the ranking be sufficient ground to afford validity of the results?
This would like to give value to those surveys because no matter how commentators try to argue for lack of theoretical basis, the performance indicators as may be produced by peer assessment, retention and selectivity are relevant indeed relevant information if the issue is to make a decision whether colleges are of inferior quality than that of standard. Criticism on college and university rankings There are cases of criticisms that would point that not every body would agree to the rankings made on the colleges and universities should.
The criticism could not prevent a person making a research that indeed a university would always be better than a college. Part of the criticism included a report that a majority of the approximately 80 presidents of colleges and at the meeting having expressed not intending to participate in the U. S. News rankings on schools reputation in the future. ” (Jaschik, Scott, 2007). If this could be given meaning, does it mean that the colleges could not be compared on the basis of the results of such?
Again this paper would still make of the result of survey because these school presidents may have reason for not participating in the survey. As was found out, the presidents instead have agreed to their participation recognized in the development of a different common format that presents information about their colleges for students (Annapolis Group Statement on Rankings and Ratings, n. d. ). One would therefore see the intention of the presidents to be advertised about the school.
But it could be argued the purpose of the US news is to make a story by comparing the colleges and universities since its business is to sell news. Having resolved the apparent doubt on the validity of the use of results of the survey to compare colleges and universities, one could clearly see the significance of at least appreciating one of the other. Conclusion: On the basis of the result of the rankings and a personal interviews on an independent observer that universities grew big because they could graduate from being a college.
Although it can be argued that it is harder to maintain a university than a college because of the bigger population, it would always be a case where the big is more powerful than the small because of the completeness of school facilities. Although a college was a part among the colleges and universities, the lone or small number cannot over come the general proposition that the quality of College is bad compared to quality of University. Since it may just be a general proposition, it then qualified based on discussion and analysis in this paper that there could be certain exceptions to the general rule.