Positionpaper for the general assembly firststrategiesfor countering cyber warfare in the digital age” and ” instituting measures tocontrol and monitor illicit flow of small arms and light weapons” both topicscontain issues that have been affecting countries all over the world. The firstgeneral assembly is in charge of covering topics that are linked tointernational security.I. Establishing strategies for counteringcyber warfare in the digital age:With a newgeneration comes more advanced, useful technology, however, everything has anegative side effect .cybercrimes have been occurring too often globally,starting from online theft to online organ trade. Lebanon isn’t as well introduced to the cyberapplied science era as much as other countries are due to its instability andthe hold up in electing a new president, however the Lebanese government setmaking the country more familiar with cyber issues as a main aim and is puttingin a significant amount of effort to accomplish that aim.
Authorities believethat the right starting point was raising awareness towards the issue and itwas achieved by distributing a survey to almost 635 students, educators, andmanagers which included a questionnaire to test their apprehension regardingnew technology. The survey helped in collecting an overwhelming amount of datato acknowledge the state of Lebanese citizens with cyber warfare which helpedthe Telecommunications Regulatory Authorities in the process of buying newequipment to be well resourced enough to train newbies in becoming cyberexperts. Furthermore, 2 anti-cyber-crime forums were conducted by “Al-Iktisad wAl Aamal” which brought together over 500 professionals including bankemployees, IT workers, security experts and software developers to increasetheir awareness about technology and how to work with it. The governmentis also working with the Ministry of Telecommunications on the expansion ofnetworks and including the private sector in providing services and theEuro-Mediterranean network of Regulators, which is an organization that meansTo go about as a gathering for general dialogs and trades of data for itsMembers on issues identifying with electronic correspondences in addition Toscreening the improvement of the electronic interchanges in the Mediterraneanterritory. Furthermore, Lebanon gave important bits of knowledge to the WorldSummit on the Information Society, sorted out by the ITU and facilitated theNineteenth International Conference on Telecommunications in 2012. All in allthe Lebanese government is trying to put in maximum effort to deal with thisissue since cyberwarfare plays a huge role in the future even if some may notsee it.
II. Instituting Measures to Control and MonitorIllicit Flow of Small Arms and Light Weapons:Arms dealinghas turned into a critical reason for mishandling human rights; In actualityweapons are exchanged for reasons of security, confidence, and self-protection,however, they may once in a while be abused if they fall into the wrong handsand when that happens, weapons will surely negatively affect advancement, peace,affecting global security. Lebanon has suffered through a fifteen-yearcivil war which ended in 1990, however, Lebanon still struggles with theaftermath which was proven by the occurrence of several clashes, a part of theaftermath, was the increase of rates of illegal arms dealing.
Considering thatthe sales widely dropped when the government decided to fight against illegalarms dealing when it was on the rise for 2 years straight, this was thestatement made by a Lebanese arms dealer when he was arrested .he also statedthat raids by the police were befalling too often and gun dealers wouldn’tusually deal in periods with high rates of raids. With a newpresident in position, Yacoub Sarraf the new minister of defense was hired, whoset a rule that obligates any gun shop to identify the name of the buyer,number of guns being sold, and the criteria the gun falls under, each time agun is purchased. This law may be considered a simple one to other countries,yet in Lebanon, this law has never been introduced since the previous ministersof defense barely showed any concern. Regarding the borders of Tripoli, they’reconsidered to be the closest borders to Syria, which is why Syrian refugees usethese borders to travel into Lebanon. Many Syrian gun dealers were caughtsmuggling firearms into Lebanon, the arrested gun dealers would get theirweapons seized and a prison sentence depending on the type and the number ofarms being smuggled, this reduced the number of Syrian smugglers trying tosneak weapons through the borders.
Besides the fact that Lebanon is currentlyfacing a lot of issues to resolve, the government is trying to fix each issueat a time.