People live in the world where everything is about music. Everything they hear and anything they produce are became a sound, and these unity of sounds change to a rhythm. The water drop in the river is a rhythm. How the wind blows in the coral rocks also become a rhythm.
That is how the rhythm keeps anything to be music. Music is something that people cannot touch like an exist thing. It agrees with the meaning of music by Leo Samama (2016: 27-33) on his book, “Music is also ephemeral. We cannot hold it like a book, a painting or a sculpture, so it is ephemeral over time.”Even music is not visible thing, people can still feel the existing of the music. They will feel and understand the music if they hear. From listening, they will accept the meaning of what they hear.
From ear to brain and heart, the feeling will go inside. Emotion exists. Not only does the emotion exist in the music, but also exist in the text of the song, on the lyric itself. That emotion is the thing that the song writer wants from people to understand the meaning that is delivered.Song has a story. It tells and narrates something to people. It has following assertion inside on what is mentioned before on the story. It is called as entailment.
Then, song lyrics have entailment. Different with presupposition that speaker may assume what kind of thing to be case in making utterance, entailment is following the utterance that assert in logic. Song lyrics also have logical assumption from the listener.
Presupposition is signed by the speaker and not sentence. Then entailment is signed by the sentence and not the speaker, (Yule, 1998). It concludes that song lyrics that are full of sentences is also part of entailment. However, each people will have different logical interpretations about the story. Such as the meaning, people will also have different understanding about the song lyrics. It is normal if the entailments in the text that people get are different from one person to other. The reason is because entailment is regardless from right and wrong.
This discussion is about entailment as the focus of analysis and only concern to the entailment that is exist in the song lyrics. It is a descriptive qualitative analysis using the song by Will Jennings. It agrees with the study of David Silverman (2010) that the qualitative analysis is the works using words and non-numerical data to collect the meaning and understanding through the study. Then, it takes the descriptive data using the written and oral subject of the research.This analysis is using the data context of entailment of the song lyrics My Heart Will Go On which is known as official soundtrack or the main theme song of the movie Titanic in 1997. As the primary data source, it uses the song of Will Jennings and the lyrics script of the My Heart Will Go On song. Then, to support this analysis, the secondary data sources are theory, book, and journal that are related to this study.
To give information about the short history of the song, it is firstly made by James Horner as the instrumental music in the movie, Titanic. Then to make this main theme of the movie, finally he decided to make a full song with the lyrics that is written by Will Jennings. Then it is sung by Celine Dion in 1997.The Titanic movie itself is talking about the old women called Rose who shares about her love story in the past. She was a rich lady who went with her family in the great ship named Titanic. She was frustrated with her life that always got bridle by her parents that was upper class in society. Then her life changed after she met Jack that saved her in that ship.
They used their time to meet each other till they fell in love, even though their feeling was refused by everybody around them. The ending of this movie is when Jack died because he wanted to save Roses life after the ship sunk.Because the analysis is from the lyrics source, here is lyrics transcript as the text and sentence terms of the song:My Heart Will Go OnEvery night in my dreamsI see you, I feel you,That is how I know you go onFar across the distanceAnd spaces between usYou have come to show you go onNear, far, wherever you areI believe that the heart does go onOnce more you open the doorAnd you’re here in my heartAnd my heart will go on and onLove can touch us one timeAnd last for a lifetimeAnd never let go ’til we’re goneLove was when I loved youOne true time I hold toIn my life we’ll always go onYou’re here, there’s nothing I fear,And I know that my heart will go onWe’ll stay forever this wayYou are safe in my heartAnd my heart will go on and onThe analysis will formulate the problem statements such as the order of entailment that exist in the lyrics of the song My Heart Will Go On. This analysis also has objective which is based on the formulation that is to describe the order of the entailment itself.Seems like what already explain before, entailment is following the utterance that assert in logic. Sources state that entailment is not a concept in pragmatics study, because it agrees with the speaker meaning, (Yule, 1998b).
However, the entailment itself has 2 type of its order, such as background entailment and foreground entailment. Background entailment is generally related to the truth of large number of its entailment. It will give information about the context, while foreground entailment is the main assumption of the text.Then foreground entailment is classified as two indication of entailment by linguistic device. The devices are clefting and stressing.
Clefting is also known as it-cleft construction, (Yule, 1998c). it will help people to focus on particular part of the sentence and to convince what people want to say or the deep meaning of what people try to send. Clefting adds a new part to the sentence to make the listener more give attention to that added part. The next is stressing. It is stress or emphasize in the utterance. It will help the listener to interpret the intended meaning. The stress is actually can be identify clearly in the live oral text that depends on the word that will be emphasized by the speaker. For example, I did not mean to hit you, which has a meaning that the speaker makes emphasize that he/she really did not have a purpose to hit others.
Go on to the topic of this analysis, here are the analyses of the lyrics on each verse based on the literature review that is stated above.Verse 1: Every night in my dreamsI see you, I feel you,That is how I know you go onHere the verse 1 has order that uses clefting device such as;- Something happens in this story.- Someone dreams every night.
– Someone can see and feel you.- Someone is sure that whom she dreamt goes on.It is clefting because there are new parts that do not exist in the lyrics to explain about the meaning of the song. The speaker is also making a stress to the song by using word you and repeating this word in every sentence. Then the word I and you also make assumption that the focus of this story inside the song is the character I and you that is the symbol of the character Rose and Jack.
Verse 2:Far across the distanceAnd spaces between usYou have come to show you go onThe verse 2 has order that also uses clefting device such as;- There are distance and spaces between them.- You have come in her dream to show that he goes on.Verse 3:Near, far, wherever you areI believe that the heart does go onOnce more you open the doorAnd you’re here in my heartAnd my heart will go on and onThe verse 3 is known as the reff of the song, and it also uses the clefting and also stressing device. The clefting seems like what already explained before that the meaning is explained in different ways. Then the stressing is when the words go on and on have a meaning that the speakers heart always goes on and still keeps alive in her life whether the distance is near or far.Verse 4:Love can touch us one timeAnd last for a lifetimeAnd never let go ’til we’re goneIt is also clefting because there are new parts that do not exist in the lyrics such as;- Something touches them in one time.
– Something still and last for a lifetime till theyre gone.Verse 5:Love was when I loved youOne true time I hold toIn my life we’ll always go onIt is also clefting such as;- Thing exists when she love you.- In her life theyll always go on.Here in the verse 4 and 5 the speaker wants to show that their loves will be saved till the end of their life. She knows and realizes that Jack is gone because of dead, but she still believe that the love never let their hearts go.
Verse 6: You’re here, there’s nothing I fear,And I know that my heart will go onWe’ll stay forever this wayYou are safe in my heartAnd my heart will go on and onThe verse 6 is known as the top of the story or the top of conflict. It is clefting such as;- Someone is here beside the speaker.- There is nothing can make the speaker fear.- The speaker and the you will stay forever on their ways.It makes a conclusion that they will keep their feeling forever because the speaker believes Jack is beside her that will protect her. The speaker also states the words go on and on again to make a statement that they will stay forever in their ways in keeping the feeling.
Then, talking about the significance of this analysis as the end of this discussion, it hopefully can give benefits to the readers and make a contribution both to the theoretical part and practical part. This analysis is expected to be useful in the study of linguistics. The information and the knowledge will also help people who are interested in making the other linguistic analysis that is related in entailment.Students who are majoring language will have the linguistics material.
They need more knowledge about it, especially in the entailment problems as their reference of study. This research will also help people in general to be the readers who try to improve their knowledge in linguistics, mainly in entailment analysis.