Out of Hinduism, new philosophies started to emerge such as Buddhism and Jainism. Both beings who came out of these faiths the Buddha and Mahavira marked a turning point for spiritual practice. While Hinduism used symbology to describe the universe, Buddhism and Jainism paths expanded upon that and gave people a much deeper experience on what to follow in order to achieve enlightenment. Buddhism is experienced as a philosophy or way of life.
It is considered a philosophy because the etymology of philosophy means “Love of wisdom”. The buddhist paths can be considered as these 3 key things: Leading a moral life, to be mindful and aware of our thoughts and actions, to continue to develop wisdom and understanding. Born a prince, Siddhartha Gautama realized that conditioned experiences could not provide lasting happiness or protection from suffering. After six years of study and meditation he found what he called the middle path and then became enlightened. He taught for the rest of his life teaching the principles of Buddhism called Dharma or truth.
Until he died at the age of 80. The purpose as he describes was nirvana, or the end of human suffering. Suffering Buddha said is the inevitable result of the way in which an individual instinctively builds up the ego by grasping at what is pleasure and reacting against what is unpleasant.
By fully appreciating the infinite flow of experience and the fact that everyone dies, one developed an awareness that who we really are is beyond all of the thoughts of who we think we are. The Buddha is known for teaching the four noble truths. These are as follows. The first noble truth is that life brings sufferings, life includes pain, disease, death, psychological suffering.
The second is suffering is caused by craving and eversion. We will suffer if we allow others to conform to our expectations, getting what you want does not always guarantee happiness. The third is suffering can be overcome and happiness can be attained if we are willing to give up useless craving and learn to live each day at a time. This will lead to nirvana.
The fourth is that the eightfold path will lead to the end of suffering.