advantages and disadvantages
Skills and qualities for effective leaders
To conclude, there are many styles of
leadership which are well suited to certain areas. However, most leaders
require the same qualities to ensure their goals and deadlines are met – the most
popular being communication and management. It has also been made clear that
there are no right or wrong styles of leadership as they all thrive in their
own way to ensure they succeed.
been elected as chair for the Junior Events Committee, I have been able to test
my leadership, so I can evaluate my own style, skills, qualities and any strengths
and weaknesses. Planning a trip for the junior pupils has tested my ability to
succeed as a leader and as a team member. During the initial planning of the
trip, I would often take time to hear everyone’s ideas to ensure that they felt
involved with the planning and would be motivated to work. Looking back, I realize
that this was a long process which took up valuable time which could have been
spent elsewhere. Upon that realization, next time I will gather everyone’s brief
ideas and decide which one is best by myself so that we have more time to plan.
Throughout the planning and organizing, I reached the conclusion that I am a
democratic leader as I tend to make sure everyone is involved in the work and
that all ideas were taken into consideration. My organization skills helped me
to gather information on what the best approaches to tackling the trip planning.
I would often brainstorm all aspects which must be taken into consideration for
the trip to be happen – these included things like health and safety and transport.
My organization skills allowed me to set deadlines for forms and costs so that
the team were working hard to meet the deadlines. Another skill which I used
often was my people skills. I often encouraged the members by making them feel
comfortable about sharing their ideas and opinions.
In comparison, each leader had reputations
as maverick leaders who did things differently. Each were skilled at working
with others to receive a better outcome and relied heavily on the expertise of
others and the use of media to promote their cause; Pankhurst for women’s right
to vote and Sugar to promote enterprise.
Sir Alan Sugar worked closely with a
select few colleagues to judge applicants on the TV programme, The Apprentice. He
gave a briefing to the colleagues and would step back and watch them carry out
the task as he trusted their judgement and ability and therefore only acted as
a monitoring role.
Emmeline Pankhurst was the leader behind
the Suffragettes who protested for women having the right to vote. She is a
classic example of a visionary leader as the encouraged people to support her
campaign. She also had exceptional communication which helped her encourage
people to join and she was extremely skilled in negotiating with politicians to
boost her movement.
Additionally, a leader will be confident
as all workers will look for them for advice meaning the leader has to be
comfortable with the work so that he/she can help the workers. It will also improve
the workers confidence as they will look up to the leader and will try to copy
A leader should have a controlling role in
what is happening by observing the workers and monitoring progress throughout
the work. Instead of doing all the work themselves, they split the tasks up
equally – thus increasing motivation in the team.
A good leader should have excellent
management skills. They should be able to set aims for workers – both short and
medium term – so that the organisation is
headed to success as deadlines will be met.
Good communication and people skills are extremely
important for a leader. This does not just mean they get along with people –
they should be able to influence and encourage workers. They should be able to
manage relationships with those they work with to ensure there is a good work
ethnic and that conflicts are restricted.
Qualities of Leaders
Autocratic leadership holds all
responsibility and authority within a group. Therefore, the leader must be
driven to meet the aims set otherwise the leadership will fall and success
within the group will plummet. An advantage of this type of leadership is that
it will ensure decisions are reach quickly and efficiently as the leader will not
need to consult as many people in comparison to the other types of leadership discussed.
However, a disadvantage of this leadership style is that it does not create a
lot of opportunities for other members meaning they will not be motivated
therefore leading to a lack of productivity. A famous example of this type of
leader is Adolf Hitler. One of the skills he possessed was visionary as after
World War I, he helped the German people get back to their original standings
which increased his popularity.
Cross-cultural leadership normally exists
when there are various cultures in the group. The leader must there be
adaptable as there will be lots of different things to be considered such as
ethnicity and gender. This will ensure that discrimination is restricted which
will lead to an overall improved working environment due to the equality within.
An example of a famous cross-cultural leader is Ratan Naval Tata who is an Indian
industrialist, investor, philanthropist and former chairman of Tata Sons. Tata
often works with a wide range of people – all of whom have different cultures
and races. This therefore highlights that, especially today, it is vital that a
leader can work with a wide range of different people as it improves the work
and communication of a group. However, one downside of this style of leadership
is that there is often too much for a leader to take in – there are so many
different cultures for a person to take in which means it will take time for
the leader to act. These leaders must be able to involve themselves into any
situation to prevent misunderstandings with the different cultures and races.
A democratic leader is like a team leader but the difference
between the two is that a democratic leader holds final responsibility. This
style of leadership is used in constantly changing environments – i.e. in
schools. By using this style, a leader can motivate employees to participate in
any activities. This is because, as seen in team leadership, communication is
strong within the group thus meaning the members will feel encouraged to work
harder. An example of a famous democratic leader is Carlos Ghosn, the CEO of
Renault. He is well known for motivating his employees and for forming close
relationships with his workers to provide a happy workforce. This therefore
demonstrates that democratic leadership ensures there is a thriving work ethnic
which leads to better results. However, it can be argued that this style of
leadership is time consuming as every decision made by the leader must be
agreed upon by the other members therefore it will take longer for any further
action to be taken. This means that if there is a change in the market, it will
take the team a while to adjust to these changes resulting in profits be
an individual who gives guidance, direction and leadership to the rest of the
team to achieve the set goal. The leader is usually closely involved with the
members and works amongst them to ensure that there is a relaxed atmosphere, so
no conflicts occur between members. For example, Angela Merkel, Germany’s
Chancellor, was a successful team leader as she listened and reflected the
public’s opinion rather than doing what she personally thought was right. This therefore
suggests that team leaders are vital to ensure everyone is involved as it will
allow total involvement and commitment. This form of leadership provides a
higher chance of success and it creates more teamwork and communication within
a group – skills which are vital in the today’s society. This is because
everyone’s ideas can be collaborated to ensure the best option is carried out
leading to a better work ethic. For example, Roman Abramovich is a Russian
businessman who worked closely with his employees and has managed to build his
own business. Therefore, team leadership does lead to success as Abramovich
managed to work his way up the ladder in the business world. On the other hand,
this form of leadership can be unproductive as it takes time to go through
everyone’s ideas and implement them. One of the many skills which a team leader
must possess is the ability to solve problems. This is because although team
leadership results in reduced conflict, it does not mean that there is no conflict. If a conflict does occur, then the team
leader must be able to dissolve any problems quickly, so the work standard
stays high. Furthermore, the team leader can notice if any of the workers are
late meaning he/she can pull the individuals aside so that it does not happen
again so that the work does not slow. For example, if a team was working on the
production of a special product like a wedding cake, then than individuals who
are late to work continuously will slow the production down and the leader can
speak to the individuals to ensure that they arrive promptly.
Leadership is the action of leading a
group of people or having the ability to do so. Each leader throughout the world have their own style and qualities which help them
succeed as a leader which will be focussed on in this essay. In modern society,
the most common types of leaders are; team leader, democratic leader,
cross-cultural leader and autocratic leader. NT2 This
essay will also compare leadership styles to allow for a better understanding
as to why there are several types of leadership styles instead of one.