New York City is a very diverse urban center, and most of its neighborhoods are heterogeneous in terms of people’s backgrounds and economic class. Ridgewood, Queens is a good example of a New York community. It is not the most distinguished neighborhood, but since it is just an average area, it shows what life is like for an ordinary New Yorker. New York City has been expanding rapidly since the 1990s, and the city has been more inclusive, safe, and clean as a result. Though progress is good, it shouldn’t neglect, or even trample over, the local citizens.
What we generally see in our ever changing metropolis is that there is an influx of a gentrifiers. These newcomers are mostly white Americans who come to the city, from all over the country, to New York in search of work. Though these people have every right to move into a city so that they can pursue the economic goals they intend to attain, they often disregard local people as they try to fit into their new homes. Gentrification seems beneficial, but it badly impacts too many people for it to be considered a helpful change.In terms of racial and ethnic backgrounds, Ridgewood is varying, but not as heterogeneous as some parts of New York. As mentioned earlier on, Ridgewood contains a decent amount of census tracts, and there is a transition of ethnic groupings around the neighborhood.
Nonetheless, Census Tract 585 is a fair representation of the entire community. In this tract, there was a demographic change, as whites use to be the majority in 2000, but became the minority in 2015. The numbers for whites fell from 57.2% to 40% in recent years. This shift occurred because of the growth seen in both the Hispanic and Asian populations.
Asians moved from making up 6.6% of the area to 10.3%, while Latinos escalated from 34.3% to 48.8%.
These three are the dominant groups, and other backgrounds are minimal or practically nonexistent in Ridgewood. It seems strange that the white population decreased, as this time period was the height of gentrification, but it makes sense when considering a few variables. This area in Queens is highly occupied in space, and only 10.6% of units are vacant. Though this is a increase from the 4.
6% in 2000, it shows that the vast majority of this region is inhabited. There is no space for the construction of large apartment or office complexes, and hipsters have not “overrun” the neighborhood for this main reason. Also, there are little vacant households because a large number of the people are immigrants, who do not want to, or cannot afford to, move to another neighborhood.
Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli was one person who recorded the changes in gentrified communities. One particular community that he investigated was Bedford-Stuyvesant, and he found that, “For newer residents, the median household income is $50,200 while long-time residents it is a mere $28,000″(Ameena Walker). This number indicates a vast financial division between the new residents and the locals. Many of the local residents are African American and the newcomers are predominately white. Another neighborhood that is most known Every other day, there is a new restaurant opening, or new construction of “luxury” apartments, new bars with $17 cocktails and $30 entrees. The median household income in Central Harlem was $38,621 in 2015, less than New York City as a whole, but that’s mostly because of the many public housing projects in its small area. Who can afford this stuff? That agent added that it was “unlikely to be totally taken over by young creative types and professionals because of the strong roots its existing middle-class residents have in the neighborhood.”This is so because many are of upper-middle class, and as they move typically poorer neighborhoods, they drive rent prices through the roof.
Along with gentrifiers, we see that New York is increasingly become a city for the rich. Many foreign upper-class people move in, and that alongside the more wealthy gentrifiers, create such more pricey standard of living. That then creates an unaffordable livings sphere for the local people, who are practically almost always minorities. Ridgewood is a lower-middle class community. The region has experienced growth in terms of people’s: median household incomes, employment rates, and education. Although these advancements took place, they were not enough to bring the neighborhood out of the working class status. Even though the average household income increased, the price of rent jumped dramatically, so the proportion of wealth remained stagnant. Most of the workforce has an education basis of high completion or less, and this explains the fields of work that occur in the community.
Only 6.5% of laborers were self-employed as of 2015, and there were small percentages in advanced areas of work; management, business, and financial operations only made up 7.2% of occupations, as an example. Since the vast majority of people do not have high paying jobs, most people in the neighborhood are home renters instead of homeowners. In order to first understand the issue, we have to define our terms. Gentrification is defined as the buying and renovation of houses and stores in deteriorated urban neighborhoods by upper- or middle-income families or individuals,raising property values but often displacing low-income families and small businessesthe process of conforming to an upper- or middle-class lifestyle, or of making a product, activity, etc., appealing to those with more affluent tastesTo say that gentrification is simply neighborhood enhancement is dishonest. The expansion of high rise apartment buildings, the startup of retail stores, and the restoration of local apartment buildings all seems like positive ideas, until you take a closer look.
Those neighborhoods have historically been disinvested by the public and private sector. People therefore move in to capitalism on the low property values. By doing so, they inflate property values, displace low-income people, and alter the culture of the neighborhoodSpatial expression of economic inequality/ further confounded by the legacy of racial inequality in america. This is clear because the neighborhoods that are gentrying are disproportionately inhabited by people of color. Therefore, people of color are automatically being displaced more. This is at the cost of influx of Caucasian people.
This dynamic causes tensions. Manifestation of inequality, therefore have to think about either inclusive policies, or gentrification prevention policies. Gentrification not same as revitalization, revelation done from bottom up, from citizens and local community organizations to local government help. Still affordable.
Two types of displacement, one direct, exclusionary displacement is when people feel isolated so they leave Social network broken up/ real estate developers get tax cuts for certain amounts of time, so influx of money often does not return to benefit the city in the public domain/ scrime does go down, schools often does not progress much, or at all/ rent control, progressive land tax, the tax can in part support the most vulnerable renters, restricting prediatory investment schemes