Mostchildren means water as fun, play and adventure especially (in a pool, pond, andlake). However, water can be dangerous to a child because it can cause drowning.According to World Health Organization (2014), children under the age of 5years are at highest risk of drowning. Each day more than 450 children drownthroughout the world and for those who survive will suffer serious lifelongdisabilities, including brain damage from nonfatal drowning events. Drowning alsoresults in over 175 000 deaths in children and youth aged 0–19 each year.
Swimmingpools are known for a large proportion of drowning deaths and the age groupmost at risk are children under five. An average of 30 children under the ageof five have drowned in Australia each year for the past 10 years. The RoyalLife Saving National Drowning Report (2015) reported a 30% increase in thenumber of drowning deaths recorded in children under five nationally, with 26deaths, up on the 20 deaths recorded in the 2014 report.
Of the deaths inchildren under five in 2015, over half occurred in swimming pools.There were between 600–700 notifiedfatalities due to drowning per year (mean=643.3, SD=43.
4 over 8 years). Noapparent rise or decrease in volume of fatalities over these years. In 2007 thenational fatal drowning rate in Malaysia was 2.3 per 100,000. Drowning rateswere highest in east coast states (Terengganu 4.6, Kelantan 4.
2), and inmonsoon period (November to March). 250–300 children died each year due todrowning from 2000–2007 (mean=286, SD=27.5 over 8 years). This is 40–45% offatal drowning each year. In 2007, the fatal drowning rates were 3.0 for agesbelow 18 years and 2.
9 for ages below 20 years. Childhood fatal drowning rateswere 4.6 in boys and 1.3 in girls. Highest fatality rates were in children aged10-14 years (3.4), and Malays had the highest number of cases (192) (DrAmar-Singh HSS, 2011).