Marijuanawas first discovered in 2727 B.C. by the Chinese Emperor called Shen Nung.Ancient Greeks and Roman were also used to the plant, whereas in the MiddleEast, it got spread through the Islamic empire and extended to North Africa.
Inthe mid-15th, the plant became known to the western hemisphere,where it was imported to Chile for fiber use. It was also grown in the form ofhemp, for manufactured products in North America. Cannabissativa can be found in several parts of the world, the plant grows in tropicaland humid weathers. The plant’s seeds, fiber and oil have been used for animalfeed, hemp rope and as a vehicle in painting.
Thecannabis plant is called dioecious, hence that there are male and femaleplants. Male plants hold the fertilizing in their pods, and appear as tallerand thinner than the female plants, which are shorter and darker.Marijuanais mostly consumed in hand-rolled cigarettes called joints. But it can also besmoked using a pipe, a bong or a bowl. Theissue about legalizing marijuana for medicinal purpose, is that its therapeuticproperties are still at question nowadays. The reaction of THC has short termeffects that involves troubles with memory and learning, distorted perceptionand increased heart rate.Medicalmarijuana programs are now available in more than 25 states: Alaska, Arizona,California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland,Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey,New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, andWashington. In addition, Washington, DC and Puerto Rico allow medical marijuanafor patients.
So, thequestion is should cannabis be legalized and what would it be its impact onsociety and economics. At first, we’ll demonstrate how decriminalizing the drugcan be economically and socially benefic for the government. Secondly, we’llsee the beneficial properties of marijuana.
Finally, we’ll see how the drug canbe harmful to the patient both psychologically and physically. A. Legalizingmarijuana would reduce harm and save money. The goals expected of marijuana prohibitions are notachieved by reinforcing marijuana laws.
Despitethe decriminalization of the drug in several states, arrests for marijuanapossession exceeds the number of all violent crimes combined. Arrestsin the U.S. didn’t cease to increase since 1992. The U.S.
recorded 829,625arrests in 2006 for marijuana law violation which represents 44% of the 1.9million annual drug arrests. According to the FBI, there was 650,000 arrests involvingmarijuana in 2015, which represents 40% of all drug arrests in the U.S. Statisticsshow that 89% of marijuana law violation arrests were for possession and notfor selling or manufacturing. The prohibition of the drug costs more than $3billion for the United States. Moreover, the amount of money spent in marijuanaprohibition could be distributed towards other public safety goals.
Unfortunately, these arrests are very discriminative. Forthey are based on racial prejudice and politics. The first law against the drug were aiming Mexicanmigrants and African American back in the early 90s.
Latino and blackcommunities remain the target today, even though they are no different thanwhite people to use or sell the drug.Even in the absence of incarceration, the arrests have animpact on a social and psychological range for the individual and the family.The arrest can create a crime record, that could lead to a loss of employmentor months, sometimes years of imprisonment. “There is little evidence thatdecriminalization of marijuana use necessarily leads to a substantial increasein marijuana use.” – The National Academy of SciencesStudies have found that the use of marijuana amongstyoung people in countries that have legalized medical marijuana has decreasedsince. This is due to the fact that one need to be 21 to consume the drug. Thedrug passed from being illegal where there are no age requirements and noinformation about the product, to licensed dispensaries.
In my opinion, I believe that decriminalizing the drugwould really have an impact on how people consume and see the drug. It’ll besell in dispensaries, which means that the consumer will have more informationabout the product and will need a prescription to buy the product. B. Cannabis has legitimate medicinalproperties. The first studies on medicalmarijuana have started since the 1940s, but it is until the last decade thatimpressive results have been found on its benefits.
Studies have found that cannabishave more than 85 cannabinoids which some provide therapeutically beneficialproperties. Indeed, cannabis have shownpotential to slow the progression of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, ithelps reduce the pain caused by epileptic seizures, it reduces muscle spasmsexperienced by those with multiple sclerosis, and it also kills or limits thegrowth of cancer cells. It can help grow appetite in AID’s patient, it can alsobe benefic in chemotherapy and nausea. It appears to be effective intreating some psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, schizophrenia and so on.
Medications and prescription drugs create millions of dollarsfor pharmaceutical companies, and those drugs tend to have side effects.Marijuana contains cannabinoids that are effective in easing the pain, so itcould replace some prescription drugs like painkillers such as Vicodin, Xanax,Adderall, Ritalin, Zoloft. In my opinion, we should focus more on plants withtherapeutically properties, it would cost less than buying drugs frompharmaceutical companies, which don’t always guarantee one’s recover but itscome back to buy more. C. Counterargument: It can be as harmful as tobacco and alcohol. Consuming marijuana can causephysical problems such as breathing problems, cough, bronchitis and it canexaggerate the illness in patients with respiratory disorders.
It is also not recommended forpatients with mental disorders such as people who suffer from panic attack,hallucinations, flash-backs … Moreover, it affects the brain’sdevelopment such as memory loss and slow information. The issue about legalizingmarijuana for medicinal purpose, is that its therapeutic properties are stillat question nowadays. The reaction of THC has short term effects that involvestroubles with memory and learning, distorted perception and increased heartrate. However, studies have found no linkbetween consuming marijuana and lung cancer. In myopinion, legalizing marijuana for medicinal purposes appears to becontradictory.
Cannabis can indeed heal some disorders, but may as well providethem; if it is smoked with tobacco on a daily basis it becomes as harmful ascigarettes. So, we could legalize it for entertainment, just like coffee,alcohol, cigarettes… And that way the consumption can be regulated by thegovernments. CONCLUSION Inconclusion, legalizing weed would be very convenient to society: it’d reducethe number of people getting arrested for using it, it’d stop the anti-drugcompanies that cost millions for the government and help them make money out oflegal weed, and it’d cure many diseases and disorders. Butjust like any other drug, it can be harmful for the user depending on how it isconsumed. It can cause many health problems if it is consumed in an excessiveway. MedicalMarijuana is now legal in more than 25 states, and the number tend to increasefor the drug is becoming more popular. If 25states already did it, what would stop the others? It could be linked tocultural background that would take more time to apprehend the plant. REFERENCES 1.
DEA Museum. (n.d.
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(n.d.). Do people still get arrested and punished for using marijuana?Retrieved fromhttp://www.drugpolicy.org/do-people-still-get-arrested-and-punished-using-marijuana3. Katherine Beckett& Steve Herbert.
(2009). The consequences and costs of marijuanaprohibition. Retrieved from https://www.tni.org/es/node/168754. Medical Marijuana Inc.(2017).
Medical Marijuana Inc. – Legal Cannabis Leader: Hemp CBD Oil. Retrievedfrom https://www.medicalmarijuanainc.com/?utm_expid=79667024-3.Yv0J9Vg6RS2gPKRdn8LIJw.
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