Many authors and writers went through hardships and struggle throughout their lives. One of these authors is John Griffith London. He had plenty of hardships throughout his lifetime and still became an amazing and inspirational author and journalist. John G. London, better known as Jack London was an extremely dedicated author and writer. He practiced writing often and worked hard to write his books. His stories have valuable lessons portrayed towards humans although it doesn’t seem so. Jack London gives readers a subtle but meaningful lesson in every story, making it so much more enjoyable to read and interpret.      Jack London was born in San Francisco, California on January 12, 1876 to Flora Wellman and William Chaney. However, William Chaney denied fathership and disappeared. London was considered an illegitimate child since his biological parents weren’t married. As an infant, he was nursed by Virginia Prentiss, a former slave. Eight months later, his mother married John London. Doing so, Jack’s birth name is changed to John Griffith London. He is henceforth known as “Johnny” then “Jack”. He grew up with two older step sisters and at the age of 10, his stepfather, John London purchased a house near the Oakland Public Library and Jack realizes the large amount of reading available for him at the library. When he is 11, he works as a news paperboy and attends Cole Grammar School. At 12 years old, he bought himself a small skiff and taught himself how to sail. Two years later he works as a cannery and with the pressure of his family’s poverty, it leads him to frequently have to work overtime. From that time forward he had many other jobs such as: an oyster pirate, watchman, joining a rough gang, and being a hobo. Then, his writing years begun in the year 1893.  Mr. London’s literary years began at around 1893. He was 17 years old and he was on a sealing voyage when a typhoon almost took out him and his crew. Thankfully, he’d made it home safe and told his tales to his mother and amazed her. When she saw a writing contest in the local paper, she convinced him to write about his journey and to his surprise, he won the first place prize. ($25) This was a very eye opening experience for him and he decided to dedicate the rest of his life to writing short stories. However, London had trouble finding willing publishers. After trying on the East Coast, London decided to return to California and was shortly enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley before he headed to Yukon to make profit from the gold rush occurring. Unfortunately, at 22 years old, London still hadn’t made much of a living for himself. Again, he returned to California, still determined to make a living as an author. He believed his experiences in Yukon gave him many stories to tell. In 1899, he started publishing stories into the Overland Monthly. Experiencing writing and getting published really disciplined Jack London as a writer and from that time and on, he wrote at least 1000 words a day. At the age of 27, London found fame and gained profit with his novel, Call of the Wild published in 1903. Afterwards, he wrote over 50 books over the last 16 years of his life including The People of the Abyss published in 1903, White Fang published in 1906, and John Barleycorn published in 1913. He went forth in many other ways as well, such as lecturing about issues associated with capitalism, covering the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, and introducing Americans to Hawaii and the sport of surfing. In London’s book, Call of the Wild, his lesson of the novel is: Never give up/survival of the fittest. In his other book, White Fang, the lesson is: There’s always a lesson to be learned in life regardless of the situation. Overall, he did many things throughout his literary years.    During the final years of London’s life, he married Bess Maddern during the 1900’s and together they had two daughters: Joan and Bess. However, the marriage ended a few years after and they divorced. In  1905, a while after Jack’s divorce with Bess, he married Charmian Kittredge. He would be with her for the rest of his life. For most of the last decade of London’s life, he faced a number of health problems. One of these problems was kidney disease which later killed him. He passed away at his California ranch that he shared with his wife Kittredge on November 22, 1916. He died at the early age 40 years old.    In conclusion, Jack London was a persevering author who worked hard. He struggled growing up yet never gave up. His books have many valuable lessons to learn and live from that are not easy to find since they are subtle. He’s had many different jobs throughout his lifetime and sadly died at the young age of 40 years old. Going through a large amount of struggle, Jack London never gave up on being an author even though at first it wasn’t easy. His inspiration is always clearly seen in his many books and he has a forever lasting legacy.


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