Management accounting is theidentification, analysis, reporting and presentation of financial informationinternally used by management to plan, decide and control. The goal ofmanagement accounting in the organization is to support competitivedecision-making through collecting, recycling and communicating, which helpsbusinesses plan, monitor and evaluate business processes and corporatestrategies. Managementaccounting is not going to end.
Also it is the tool to help the objective ofthe organizations. It is the term used to describe methods,systems and accounting techniques that, together with special knowledge andcapacity, and its task of maximizing or minimizing losses. The managementreport is designed to provide useful information and reports to internal users,such as managers and entrepreneurs, who can monitor and plan their businessactivities.Earlier time the organization move in to different type ofbusinesses. That are manufacturing organization and Service provided business. Earlierthe use labor hours to calculate the costs.
They have very little amount ofindirect cost. Indirect cost mean whatever the cost which are not directly relatedto the main operation. During this period, many companies have focused on the cost-relatedexpenditure assessment and the total cost allocation. Some accounting methodsthat were developed for cost estimation were the first (LIFO) and the first one(FIFO).The need for cost accounting came about as a result of theindustrial production in the nineteenth century as corporations made greatinvestments in factories, natural resources and equipment. In thatperiod, managerial accounting was mainly accounting for expenses.When considerabout the Evolution of Management Accounting Practice, Prior to the matchingconcept of accounting for Processes.
1812-1920 Focus on the effectiveness ofoperational costs and processes. 1920 – 1950 The relevant concept has beendeveloped on cost accounting. Focus on costs and financial control. From 1951to 1980 Focus was moved to provide management planning and control ManagerialAccounting. In the 1980s Focusmoved to Waste Management, JTT, Teamwork, ABC, Targeted Pricing, Quality,Investment and Product Cycle Management. In the 1990s. Focus has moved tobuilding customer value, strategy, balanced evaluation cards, EVA and othervalues based on values. Whenconsidering the development of management reporting practices before 1812-1920,Procedural Accounting Concept: Focus on the efficiency of operational costs andprocesses.
1920 – 1950 The corresponding concept has been developed on the costaccounting. Focus on costs and financial control. From 1951 to 1980 Focus wasmoved to provide management planning and control information. In the 1980sFocus moved to Waste Management, JTT, Teamwork, ABC, Targeted Pricing, Quality,Investment and Product Cycle Management. In the 1990s, Focus moved thecustomer’s value, strategy, balanced ratings, EVA and other related concepts(cost-based management)Thenature of management accounting has changed over the years.
Earlier focus wason management planning and control information. Now, focusing on resourcemanagement. Now the management account is used to create, maintain and maintainthe cost of the stakeholders.
Management accounting field is very broad andcovers all areas where management is required.Businessmeninvolved in administrative records have gone a long way in the early days ofthe 1800’s management calculations. Today, managers of management institutionsplay a key role in many organizations. There is nothing new in managing theaccounting over the past 50 years.
Bythe end of the 20th century, management styles had changed considerably. Thereare problems, such as location or technology speed. Decisions were made to be donequickly and effectively as a collaborator. Today, organizations are againstmany options and challenges.
They need management accountants so they can walkand work in the team.In the next period, therewill be some way for management accountants to build and improve their ownroles. First, these successful companies focus on sustainable sustainability.To do this, proper management structures and incentives are needed. Secondly,they should focus on increasing the ownership of companies. Capital gains maybe important, but with business ethics and long-term focus. Management Theaccount holders can get help by providing strong and ethical analysis of thebusiness information.
Third, international management focuses on accounting. Agrowing number of companies face serious challenges facing issues of localknowledge and culture. Etc. Directors play key roles in assessing informationand risks.The future of management accounting is presented in threeways. These are the darkest scene, the fantasy philosophy and the most visiblevision.
In thethe dark view, the Management Accountant does not have any power orauthority in the real business, and the executive management will graduallyreduce the functionality of the Writer’s writings.In theutopian scenario,, accountants will be more familiar with and moresophisticated about corporate organizational features. It will work withcurrent and related information and management changes in organizations.The mostrealistic scenario involves an extrapolation of the present to the future.Accounting It is possible and less or less appropriate.