Literaturereview states the review of already conducted and available studies that arerelevant to the topic. It can be said a simple summary and synthesis. It couldbe an exploration of the scholarly evolution of the field including foremostdiscussions and debates depending of different situations. It evaluates thematerial on the particular topic and gives the insight into most relevantissues. Lanham, MD, (1984). One Master for Another:Populism as Patriarchal Rhetoric in Dominican Novels (1984) develops a theoryof patriotic narrative in response to quandaries about the nature of populism.Historians and social scientists know that it is not exactly an ideology, or amovement, or a political position. But they don’t say what it is.
My reading ofa range of novels that follow the nation-building period shows that populism isa culture, a set of symbolic relationships that translates national crises andprojects into the language of family crises: the struggle of a legitimatehusband/people to recover the wife/land from the usurper. The patriarchalculture operates left and right of political and ideological differences.Either way, it blocks fundamental change, by reducing the woman (along withother sectors of the non-active citizenry) to a prize, an object of desire andstruggle, instead of imagining anyone but the masculine “pueblo” asan agent. Ann Burnettand Rhea Reinhardt Beto (2000). Research has shown that television viewers forminterpersonal relationships, called par a social relationships, with variouskinds of personalities on many different kinds of shows. The purpose of thisinvestigation was to determine whether similar relationships form betweenromance novel readers and heroes and heroines.
Fifteen women romance novelreaders volunteered to participate in three focus groups in which theydiscussed romance novels and the impact of the novels on their ownrelationships. The results suggest that readers form intimate par a socialrelationships with the characters in romance novels. The participants describedsituations in their own lives in which they have dealt with everydayinteraction, conflict, and intimacy similar to the characters in romancenovels. Discussion focuses on the implications of the findings.