Henry Ford didn’t invent the first car, but however he did create the assembly line. Which we still use today. Ford was the first to mass produce cars and be successful. He based his business on three fundamentals: low prices for the consumer, increased productivity, and better working conditions for the laborer. In order to maintain a high rate of productivity. Henry Ford is important because he created the moving assembly line. ‘He received a job with the Detroit Edison Company, and by 1891, advanced to the position of chief engineer.
Ford loved this job because it allowed him to experiment with team and combustion engines and innovate on other inventions. Ford built a gasoline engine in 1893 and his first car, dubbed the “Quadricycle” in 1896’. Henry Ford was born on July 30,1863 and died in April 7,1947. Ford was born and raised on a farm near Dearborn, Michigan. His mother and farther were Mary Litogot Ford and William Ford (1826–1905). ‘Ford was the first of William and Mary Ford’s six children’. When Ford was older he became an apprentice at a work shop in Detroit fixing watches.
In the year of In the year of 1888 his father gave him a forty-acre tract of land in Dearborn, Michigan on the condition that he abandoned the the machinist’s trade and return to the farm. Ford built a small house on the land and made a small salary by selling wood and firewood. He was not interested in farming and use his extra time on experimenting with steam and gasoline engines. In 1891 he left the farm for an engineering job in Detroit. Ford built a small house on the land and made a small salary by selling wood. He was not interested in farming and instead he used his free time experimenting on steam and gasoline engines.
Henry Ford on April 11, 1888, at the age of 25, married Clara Bryant and a couple years later moved back to Detroit to find work’. ‘The Fords became the parents of their only child, Edsel, in 1893’. In the year of 1889 Henry Ford established the Detroit Automobile Company with the support of a group of investors. This was the first Company organized in Detroit for making cars. The company soon went out business by turning out twelve unreliable vehicles and in the Fall of 1900 it went out of business. After that Ford then moved to auto racing and constructed a race car to gain a bigger and wider reputation.
The success of his racer revived the enthusiasm of former stockholders and resulted in his firm’s reorganization as the Henry Ford Company in November 1901. The firm was capitalized at $60,000, of which more than half was paid in stock. Dissension broke out between Ford and the promoters, and in 1902 Henry M. Leland was brought into the firm as a consulting engineer. Ford resigned, and the firm was then reorganized as the Cadillac Motor Car Company. Ford didn’t invent the automobile, but however he developed design concepts and production techniques. Which allowed the mass manufacturing of automobiles at affordable rices.
Henry Ford’s business philosophy rested on three fundamentals: low prices for the consumer, increased productivity, and better working conditions for the laborer. In order to maintain a high rate of productivity necessary to roll out Model Ts in high volume. Assembly- line production required laborers who were familiar with the assembly process and could carry out repetitive tasks over long hours without variation. To entice workers to persist in such mind–numbing work, Ford initiated the $5 day. Ford’s $5 day program could not survive wartime inflation and collapsed by 1919.
Ford also stirred up controversy in setting the standard for higher wages in the auto industry, paying more than double the going wage rate in order to attract and keep skilled labor. The higher wages in turn created disposable income that workers eventually spent on consumer goods, including cars, which resulted in the further growth of the company. Many social critics, however, contend that the higher wages were more than offset by the demanding, high-production work that the moving assembly line was created. While the social consequences of mass production are debatable, there is no doubt that the Model T changed America.
Henry Ford’s ingenuity as a designer was embodied in the “Tin Lizzie,” a car that helped make Ford Motor Company an enduring automobile empire. Henry Ford using the the principles of Taylorism, or scientific management, Ford’s designers vastly improved the efficiency of the assembly line on the Model T by making it movable. So, no longer did the workers have to move from car to car instead the car would be going to them. The moving assembly line was often called “Fordization”. The down fall was that it displaced artisanship and created worker alienation, fatigue, and boredom. The Model T revolutionized American society.
The Model T was a simple design, tough, and a affordable vehicle. This vehicle was in production throughout the year of October 1908 – May 1927. Nearly 15. 5 million Model Ts were manufactured and a astonishing 75% were still being driven when it was out of production in 1927. The price for a new Roadster Model T in the year of 1925 was $260 and a good used Model T could be bought for $50. This car was featured with a four-cylinder engine, rear-wheel brakes, and a pedal-controlled planetary transmission with two forward speeds; on a good and flat road it might reach 45mph.
There were four ifferent body styles available. The two most popular body styles was the 5 passenger touring car and the 2 passenger roadster. They did have colored paints, but it required several applications and also took two weeks to dry. To cut shipping costs, parts were shipped from the main plants in the Detroit area and assembled into cars at branch plants. Henry Ford built his first car in a little shed behind his home. It had a two cylinder engine over the rear axle that developed four horsepower, a single seat fitted in a boxlike body, an electric bell for a horn, and a steering lever instead of a wheel.
During WWI and WWII his company was a major producer of war materials. ‘Over all, Ford lived a life trying to help many middle-class people, while everyone else only served the elite class, in hopes of earning more money. Ford tried many different ways to bridge the growing rift between traditional and industrial living. He also professed to believe in an almighty, all-knowing God. This is clearly obvious in his statement “I believe God is managing affairs and that He doesn’t need any advice from me. With God in charge, I believe every thing will work out for the best in the end.
So what is there to worry about? ”2 He also showed an understanding of the Bible and Biblical prophesy because he believed the Jews would return to Palestine and have their own country back, which few during his time believed. Unfortunately, though he denied that wealth could give security , he thought that real security comes from human wisdom and knowledge instead of from a personal walk with his all-knowing God. Again, his quote shows his opinion, “The only real security that a man can have in this world is a reserve of knowledge, experience and ability’. ”