Policing that exist internationally (Wakefield and Fleming, 2009).

Policing in Context Part 1 1.       Discuss how the history and development of British policing has resulted in the current model of policing and the philosophy of ‘policing in consent’. The history of policing shows a sense of the origins and character of the many different policing cultures and organisations that exist internationally (Wakefield and…

English out in the Criminal Justice and Public

English law is a legal system occurs on the territory of England and Wales. It includes civil law and criminal law. One of the subject in this area is questioning of suspects at the police station which follows every time when a person is arrested. But before the interview, a constable is under a duty…

Property Law – Control over Access

When property is taken to represent a bundle of rights at the common law, then the right to exclude others from the benefits of a property is the leading right of the property owner. [1] This is because only excludable resources can be propertised or have ‘property status’. That is, without an excludable nature, resources…

Weakened service contract representation. They are contained in

Weakened Remedies This section is in continuity with the terms/representation demarcation. Provided that a representation is now simply a term (with the implementation of the CRA 2015, s. 50, as mentioned above), the remedies that a misrepresentation offers are excluded from the consumer’s rights. This is not advantageous for the consumer, as it is easier…

A for the defendant to plead it as

A defence of insanity is crucial to the criminal justice system.1 This enable the law to recognise the imposition of the criminal punish that should be kept for those are mentally sane. Law Commission is currently waiting for the response for Mental Capacity Act and the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards which aim to protect people…

The Herrington decision

House of Lords introduced a new duty in British Railways Board v Herrington10. It was established that occupiers owed a duty of ‘common humanity’ to trespassers known to be present. The duty was a subjective one, in the sense that, when the courts were considering whether it had been broken, it had to take into…

Towards Principles of Overruling

It is appropriate at this point to introduce the concept of the ratio decidendi of a case, this is the decision and more importantly the reasoning behind it. It is the ratio of a case that is binding, other comments merely form obiter dictum (other things said). Thus the establishment of the ratio is critical,…

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