Key aspects of public health in the UK

Within Great Britain the population consists of over 60 million people. Health is measured by the quality of live and life styles people lead. Infant mortality rates and life expectancy, incidence of disease and life threatening factors are recorded by each community in order to compare the health of the communities within Britain. Some areas have higher rates of illness in comparison to others. by keeping a record it makes it easier to see which of the areas have a and low rates of health issues.

The health status of a community is dependent on age- different aged people are more likely to suffer from different illnesses for example young toddlers are usually at a risk of meningitis, chicken pox and measles, socio-economic conditions – people who may not have enough income to keep live within a clean environmental home can put their health at risk for example a house with damp can cause an individual to gain asthma.

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Also low income means that an individual may not have enough money to provide themselves with high nutritional foods, and therefore may rely on fast food on a regular basis; this can cause the chances of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. Genetics can effect a person’s well being, for instance illnesses such as Sickle Cell Anaemia can be inherited and therefore effect their health immensely as they may be limited to a certain life style.

Environmental factors such as pollution can cause people to develop particular illnesses due to air pollution, and noise pollution. Furthermore if there was a community with a high rate of elderly people the chances are likely that statistics would reveal that most common diseases amongst the community would be illnesses such as influenza and the most common cause of death would be due to pneumonia. Today within the U.

K there has been a recent growth of infectious diseases such as Swine Flu. Swine flu is a virus which is contagious through physical contact, or by simply breathing the same air as someone who may be affected with swine flu. The symptoms of this virus consist of sudden fever, sudden cough, headache, tiredness, chills, aching muscles, limb or joint pain, diarrhoea or stomach upset, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, and loss of appetite.

Treatments available for swine flu are the following antibiotics, anti-virals these do not cure the symptoms but help to reduce the symptoms within a daily basis. In order to decrease the chances of catching swine flu an individual should maintain hygiene for instance washing hands, cleaning surfaces regularly, carrying tissues and not sneezing within your hands as this can spread germs, using tissues to cover your mouth as soon as cough and sneeze, binning a tissue as soon as you have used it.