Kabuki is the one of the best know form traditionalJapanese theater. Kabuki was created during the early 17th century byOkuni. The people allowed to perform kabuki has changed a few times threwouthistory.
Within Kabuki there are a few different types of shows. Kabuki isoften known for its magnificent costumes and scenery. Music is also a largepart of Kabuki Theater.Kabuki was first performed in 1603 in Kyoto by Okuni.When kabuki was being performed in the early years of the genre it wasperformed by companies of women. Kabuki came from the origin of dance, “It issaid that Kanuki began in the early Edoperiod (1603-1868), when a women namedIzumo Okuni began to dance something called ‘Okuni kabuki’ in the ancientcapital of Kyoto. She danced on the dry riverbed of the Kyoto river the mainriver running through Kyoto, at the spot where Shijo Bridge crosses it.”(Kabuki backstage on stage).
Kabuki is a form of traditional Japanesedrama with highly stylized song, mime, and dance, “The Three Chinese charactersnow used to write the word ‘kabuki’ are ka(?)meaning ‘song’, bu (?) meaning ‘dance’, and ki(?) mening ‘skill’. But these are laterinvention” ( Kabuki backstage on stage). In contrast to Noh, Ky?gen, Bunraku todaykabuki continues to be very popular.
Threw out the history of kabuki who was allowed to be aperformer changed a few times. When Okuni started kabuki all of the performerswere females. The female Kabuki performers weren’t just performers they werealso prostitutes. After women had been banned from performing in 1629 boys tooktheir place and performed the same as the women performing both female and maleroles. The boys were also still being bought for sexual services, because theprostitution it lead to the “…banning women from the public stage in 1629 andboys in 1652, leaving only adult men with the privilege of professional stageperformance…” (Beautifal boys).
Before the men were permitted to continueperforming kabuki the government required that the actors avoid sensual displaysand follow the more realistic conventions of the Kyogen Theater.Within the genre of kabuki there are three different typesof plays ” By the Beginning of the Genroku period, in the late seventeenthcentury, tree major divisions of kabuki were recognized: Sewamono, or playsabout the lives of contemporary commoners; history plays, known as jidaimono;and dance pieces, called shosagoto (keigoto in Kyoto and Osaka). ” (Bradon 5).
Kabukitheater is similar to Shakespeare in the way that plays would be written aboutcontemporary incidents but would be set in a different time period to avoidmaking those in power angry. Kabuki plays were sometimes originally written forPuppet Theater an example of this is KanadehonChushingura ” The most celebrated of all plays of the doll theatre originis Chushingura, or given it its fulltitle, Kanadehon Chushingura, thestory of the forty seven loyal retainers.”(scott).