JudoMathras (1975:9) defined inequality by emphasizing upon the unequaldistribution of social rewards.
According to him, “Social inequality isthat inequality in the distribution of social rewards, sources and benefits,honour and esteem, rights and privileges, and power and Influence which isassociated with differences with social position”.Inequality for Herald R. Kerbo(1983:11) is due to differential positions in the social structure and onaccount of the values. Judgements and evaluation differentials. His definitionon inequality thus reads as “Social inequality is the condition wherebypeople have unequal access to valued resources, services and positions in thesociety. Such inequality can emerge in terms of how individuals and groups arethemselves ranked and evaluated by others, but most importantly, socialinequality is related to differing positions in a social structure, social inequality often emerges from social differentiation for two basic reasons. Onthe one hand, because of human capacity to apply meaning to events and thingsto develop Judgements of what is “good” “bad” or preferablesocial evaluation is often applied to differences” (Herald R.
Kerbo1983:11).Differences among the people in thesociety and the expression of differences in the form of dominance are the twoaspects of inequality. In this context Berreman observed that, “Inequalityrefers to the social evaluation of whatever differences are regarded asrelevant is a given society or a situation.
Dominance is the behaviouralexpression of those differences, social inequality generally refers to thecombination of these two process” (Berreman 1981:8).Duberman (1976:5) examined the earlierliterature on social inequality and concluded that ‘no clear-cut definition ofsocial inequality’, despite the statement use of the term. Rather, most oftenit is coupled indiscriminately and alternatively with social stratification(p.
5). Subsequently he went on to explain inequality as a term that should beused to describe “those societies in which there are unequal opportunitiesto attain societal resources because of natural recurrences between individualsthat cannot be overcome…..”.