January 12th 2010, 4:53 P.M.
, an earthquake hits Haiti some 15 miles SW of Port-au-Prince. The earthquake was measured with a magnitude of 7.0, one Haiti has not seen since the 18th century. The initial hit was soon followed by an two aftershocks. One with a magnitude of 5.9 and the other with a 5.
5 magnitude. 1.5 million people were placed in the scattered tent cities, due to their homes being severely damaged or destroyed. Buildings and homes where even destroyed in Port-au-Prince. When the crops and irrigation canals were damaged, destroyed, or were damaged to the point of uselessness, it was a massive setback for a country that relies heavily on farming and agriculture.About half of the rumble that had once littered Port-au-Prince has been cleared away enough for people to start living there again. But over half a million people, still live in the shelters, and was dropped to around 360,00 people the following year.
Partly due to a Canadian-sponsored program that sent grants to the nearly 30,000 residents living in the obvious camp. This helped each family find a rental house or repair their old home. Some 500 camps still remained at the end of 2012 despite the fact that area of the camp had been cleared away. In 2014 that number was cut by over half. however, about 100,000 people are still homeless. As the number of camps diminish, so does the number of people who need homes. In the beginning of 2016, over 62,000 people were still without homes. By september of the same year, the number lessoned to 55,107 people.
And by 2017, that number decreased to around 55,000 people. As far as the rebuilding process goes, it probably won’t be finished any time soon. This is due to the fact that wave after wave after wave of disasters are hitting Haiti one after another after another after another. The first wave of disasters was the worst cholera epidemic rapidly engulfed Haiti. It killed thousands and over 6% of the population was infected in a little over two years. This crisis put a huge stain on the already weak health care system.
Due to the location of Haiti, the country is already extremely vulnerable for natural disasters, such as hurricanes and earthquakes. The poor infrastructure just increases the effects of each disaster. 2012, Hurricane Sandy has just ripped through the country; in her wake, is drastic flooding, an enormous number of deaths, and new disease infections. Directly after Sandy was a three-year drought that forced the country into famine. October 2016, at least 1,000 people were killed as well as whole communities destroyed after Hurricane Matthew made his hit on the country.
Knocked down trees and destroyed buildings litter the roadways, and in the areas that were hit the worst, the trees and buildings block the roadways. The supplies and support that are desperately needed are extremely difficult to deliver with all of this debris littering or blocking the road. Despite each tragedy, the Haiti people begin rebuilding again and again.
Today, Haiti still has an extremely long way to go before and can use all the help they can get. The effects of the people regarding the earthquake in Haiti are just horrendous. The exact number of deaths is still inconclusive, proving to be elusive in the ensuing chaos.
At the end of March 2010, Haitian government officials put the death toll at 222,570 people. Significant disagreement over the number caused some people to estimate that the number was off by almost a hundred thousand people. January 2011, the Haitian officials revised number of deaths to 316,000 people. In May of 2011, a report commissioned by the U.S. government drastically changed the number around 85,000. Although the total number of deaths is unknown, eventually an estimate of 220,000-316,000 people.
Of those people who died, it was confirmed that 96 of them were UN peacekeepers, and 122 of them were American.The number of people injured, however, was 300,000 people. The earthquake left 3,300,000(3.3 million) people facing food shortages.
Today, many still live in unsanitary conditions due to the destruction of their homes. 2,500,000(2.5 million) of the Haiti people still need humanitarian aid.