Involved in a confrontation, it is important to use a logical based argument rather than an emotional one. It helps develop a great basis determining how the argument will be addressed. Reasoned arguments is the use of credible evidence supporting a claim that is made. In chapter 1 of “Philosophy: History and Readings”, by Samuel Enoch and James Fieser, explains why logic is a great method to set a foundation for an argument, “logic is to help you organize information…what reasons we have for our opinions.” It would not help to begin an argument without logical explanation to back up a claim. The chapter discusses the fundamentals of a valid argument such as seeing connections between information. Therefore, mentioning something that has no relevance to the argument is not necessary and should be excluded, for example no one cares that mike likes cats so why bother using it as evidence to support an argument that possibly is not about Mike or cats. Since ideas need something to back them up, seeking for interrelation leads the argument to a good start. In addition, expressing and explaining opinions are valid mainly if the statement is supported by good evidence and reasons that are justifiable, other than that, do not bother arguing. As mentioned in the book, there are differences between explaining and giving reason, which should be noted. First, the purpose of explaining is the help people understand your point. Secondly, the purpose of reason is to get people to accept your point. Repeating your ideas does not make a person understand you, you have to use explanation to reach that goal, not repetition. To answer the question, yes, it does matter if a person makes a reasoned argument, if there is an opposing viewpoint the argument should include logic and evidence to prove the incorrect claim. Now for the second question, yes it does have something to do with the evolution of human knowledge. Thanks to information and books such as “Philosophy: History and Readings”, by Samuel Enoch and James Fieser, for being publicized to improve the way arguments, and how we think are presented. Using previous knowledge in addition to knowledge that is newly introduced sets forth a development that will carries on in the future, therefore, continuing the evolution of human knowledge. As of now, that is exactly what is going on in this state of time, students that do not know anything about philosophy read information in order to get an idea of what should and should not be used in life, then students will carry on that information and apply it to life events, adding new information to the initial fundamentals of philosophy. 


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