Introduction:Cybercrime are any crimes thatinvolve a computer and a network. In some cases the computer may have been usedin order to commit the crime, and in other cases, the computer may have beenthe target of the crime1. Cybercrime is defined as a crime in which acomputer is the object of the crime (hacking, phishing, spamming) or is used asa tool to commit an offense (child pornography, hate crimes). Cybercriminalsmay use computer technology to access personal information, business tradesecrets or use the internet for exploitive or malicious purposes.
Criminals canalso use computers for communication and document or data storage. Criminalswho perform these illegal activities are often referred to as hackers2. All types of Cybercrime can be occured bysome hackers by their hacking. Cybercrime may threaten a person or a nation’ssecurity and financial health3. There are hundreds and hundreds definitions of”hackers” on the Web. Combining it all together we get a computer specialist, who enjoys learning programminglanguages and computer systems and can often be considered an expert on thesubject, who mastered the art andscience of making computers and softwaredo much more than the original designers intended. “Hackers are computerprofessionals, with skills… Hackers built the Internet.
Hackers made the Unixoperating system what it is today. Hackers run Usenet. Hackers make the WorldWide Web work. If you are part of thisculture, if you have contributed to it and other people in it know whoyou are and call you a hacker, you’re a hacker” (Raymond E., 2001). A person whobreaks into other people’s computer systems to get a kick out of it or whointent to cause harm is a “cracker”.
A hacker is a very talented programmer,respected by his peers. A true hackercan find plenty of useful projects to work on; breaking things is more a characteristicof children of any age. The basic difference is this: hackers build things;crackers break them. Why Hackers do hacking?Hackers infringe the laws for anumber of reasons such in the order from less harmful tomore serious (if we can even classify them this way). Hackers doit: • Because they know how and can, eitherbeing smart and figuring out how to, or getting the instructions and tools fromfriends-hackers.
• Because they like the challenge tobreak into something so secure. • Because they get a trill of doingillegal activities and hoping not to get caught.• Because they seek publicity.• Because they want to take a revenge.• Because they are getting paid(though most hackers are passionate about breaking into the system and do itfor free). Hackingpreventing attempt Ø Hackers are not only educated. By educating yourself one canput themself one step ahead of the cybercriminals. Ø To preventing cybercrime one can use firewall for theirsecurity software.
If one have a home wireless network, obviously enable thefirewall that comes with their router4. Ø One should always be aware while they connect with socialmedia and be careful not to click on any links in messages from unknown people.Ø From online shopping one need to be careful and do a littleinvestigation before payment information.
Ø One can update their using operating system and browser withthe latest security patches. Ø Hackers can access data while it’s in transit on a unsecuredwireless network. So, one should use encrypted password in network. Ø Strong password can go a long way in helping secure personalinformation. So, choose a password that is at least 10 characters long andconsists of a combination of letters, numbers and special characters. Ø One should use their common sense whenever they are oninternet.
Conclusion:Cybercrime is occurring all the times around our nearestenvironment and we are everyday being deceived by cybercrime. Hacking is themost highlighting part of cybercrime. Hackers are always informative aboutsecurity system and also operating system.
It is not easy to prevent them. So,we have to be more sincere, aware and informative about everything. In thiscase we have to backup our data regularly in case anything goes wrong, andmonitor our every types of accounts to make sure that a hacker has no stolenour information or identity4.
In this way we can protect cybercrime andsociety.