Informed consent is an authorization verbally or writtenagreement to participate in research. Basically, participant involves arevoluntarily without compulsion and there are rational decision to participate.There is a common procedure to go through before starting any study orresearch. Informed consent document must be clearly written and must beunderstandable by the participant. The consent must use the easy language andshould be define or explained in lay terms if the words are scientific or thereis medical terms. The informed consent is an important agreement beforeregister a participant.Indeed, the informed consent is described an ethicalcodes and legal for human subjects research.
The aim of informed consent processis to provide sufficient detailed information on the study. The participantsare entitled to ask question and researcher must answer those question. Furthermore,allowing sufficient time for participant to make their decision. Therefore, theparticipant will make decision whether they are enroll or not to continue inthe study. However, the participants have the right to refuse to participate inthis study without penalty if they wish. However, there are some issues relating research on humansubject:1.
Potential risk to subjectPotential risk can bewidely categorized in human research. Researcher need to take precaution tominimize potential of risk. The potential risk in human research included; a) Riskof physical includes injury, physical discomfort, illness or disease cause byresearch method and procedure.b) Psychologicalrisks include the level of muscle tension such as depression, anxiety and lossof self-esteem.c) Risksof legal happened when the method of research violate the law rules designated.It happen either by exposing the subject or other person engaging in anactivity where the subject can be a criminal.d) Socialor economic risk occur due to changes in the relationship between subjects andothers people who are disadvantage such as shame, loss of respect of others andlabeling the subject in a way that bring negative.
While economically includingpayment by subject to unnecessary procedures, loss of salary and any financialcosts such as damage to the subject’s marketability as a result ofparticipation in research. 2. Deceptive practiceDeceptive happen when a researcher gives falseinformation to the subject or deliberately misleads them about some of the keyaspect of research. This may include feedback on the subject involving creatingfalse beliefs about relationship or the manipulation of self-concept.
3. Confidentially.Confidentially needs to bemaintained in order not to leak information.
The subjects have the right to beprotected from injury or unauthorized intrusions into their privacy and thepreservation of their personal dignity. Benefits of maintaining confidentiallywill help to establish trust between the participant and researcher andparticipant feels more respected.