Infection, Prevention and Control

This could be a risk because; the elderly all have a weaker immune system to other adults. It does not say what illness all of the patients are suffering from. Whenever a patient is brought into the hospital they should be put into a ward were, all of the patients are suffering from the same illness. This way it can minimise the amount of illnesses which are being spread about in one ward. This can be reviewed each time a new patient comes in to the hospital, they can be shown the specific ward they are being placed in.

The ward was short staffed. If a ward is short staffed then the patients will not be given the correct amount of care that they may need/want to have. More staff should be made available or hired so that all of the patients can be given the correct amount of care. If they haven’t got enough staff members on, then the patients will become frustrated and this can lead to complaints being made about the hospital. The manager of the hospital should do a check up each month on the staff, and see if they need any further training.

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Also, the manager can check if the staffs need to be fired or moved to different wards if there skills aren’t good enough to be on the more complex wards. Staff members were working across all areas of the ward. If the staff is working across all areas of the ward, can spread the pathogens from one individual to another. Individuals which are suffering from illnesses, their immune systems are weaker than others, so if they pick up diseases this may become fatal. Staff should only work in one or two bays in the ward, as it could prevent pathogens and bacteria from being spread amongst all of the patients.

Manager should assign staff to the bays of the ward, and do checks everyday to see that this is being carried out efficiently. Toilet tissue was scarce. The clients and visitors in the hospital will use the toilet roll to dry their hand after washing them and to clean themselves after using the toilet. If toilet roll is not there it will give off a bad impression of the hospital as it will seem it does not care about the personal hygiene of the patients. It should be recorded on the chart inside the toilet of what time and date the toilet was inspected at, and also it gives the name of the individual who is cleaning it on that day.

The staff of the hospital should get someone to go around every hour to make sure there are plenty of toilet rolls available for the patients and visitors. The toilets should be checked regularly by the cleaners of the hospital and if it is not done, the consequences should be put into action. The soap dispensers were empty. Soap plays a major role in stopping pathogens from spreading. If soap dispensers are empty, most clients and visitors will not wash their hands which can spread on illnesses such as, C Difficile and MRSA.

MRSA is one of the most common illnesses being spread though individuals not washing their hands. Again, it should be recorded on the chart in the toilets. The cleaners should check the soap dispenser every hour in the hospital if possible because there is a large number if people who visit and are in the hospital each day so the soap will run out quickly. The manager should check the charts in the toilets to make sure that the toilets are being inspected every hour. The visitors sat on the beds in the ward. Pathogens from the visitor’s clothes will be passed on to the patient’s bed and vice versa.

This can have a negative outcome because the visitor can pick up illnesses from the patients bed such as vomiting and diarrhoea. A member if staff should walk around each of the wards during visiting hours to make sure that no visitors are on the patients beds. Food was brought on to the ward and distributed amongst the patients. The food which visitors bring in may not be suitable for all of the patients, as they will all have different allergies etc. The food may also be too hard for patients to swallow and this could be a hazard to the individual as they could choke on the food.

Choking on foods can be fatal, to elderly patients and young children. The staff must tell the visitors which foods are allowed in to the ward and which are not, for example yoghurts and cram buns would be a bad idea as there are bacteria in these types of foods. But research has shown on the www. news. bbc. co. uk website that : ‘A bacterium related to those found in “bio” yoghurts may be able to restrict the growth of the so-called “superbug” MRSA. ‘ The hospital could put up signs in which shows the food which is allowed in to patients.

Toddler tampered with a urinary catheter bag and it looked urine on to the floor. Although I found on the internet, that human urine is usually sterile because it does not come in to contact with bacteria, but if the individual the urine in the catheter bag came out of is sick, then it will be harbouring lots of different germs which the toddler will catch if it is crawling along the floor, or worst still it could put the urine in its mouth. The staff could place the catheter bags up near the patient so that they will have control over what happens with it.

Also toddlers are not really supposed to be in the hospital as it is usually only children over 13 who are allowed to be in the hospital visiting patients. The staff could empty the bag more often so that if the patient really does want the toddler in for example if its there child then it can not empty anything out of the bag. There were no posters on infection prevention for visitors on the ward. If there is no information for the visitors to learn on how to prevent infections being spread/ caught then they will just do whatever they want and not know what the consequences of their actions are.

Posters should be bought or downloaded off the internet to give the visitors some information about the prevention of spreading infections as it will keep them and their families safe. The hospital should look for new posters each month and change their locations about in the hospital so that everyone has a chance to get to see them. His soiled laundry was placed in to a white linen laundry skip with other laundry. One patient’s soiled laundry should not be placed amongst with other laundry. This is because the patient’s laundry who is soiled they may have a disease, which could spread on to the other laundry.

The people who are removing the laundry, or putting it into washing machines may catch the diseases if they are not placed into the correct bags. The laundry which is soiled or comes from a patient with a certain illness must be placed in to specific bags so that no one else can catch these illnesses. The individual which is in charge of the washing should have a list of the people who has the most contagious illnesses and make sure that the staff put all of the patients into the correct bags so as to stop the spread of infection in the hospital.

A seventh patient was put on to that ward. The ward seems to be very over crowded and it is under staffed as well so the patients will not be receiving the correct amount of care that they deserve. The manager of the hospital should not overcrowd the wards, as it can lead to frustration and tension between the staff and patients as the patients will feel they are not getting enough attention from the staff. The manager should check how many patients that is on each ward.

A doctor had just taken blood from Mr Graves and using the same gloves he took blood from Mr At Risk. This is a hazard because some of Mr Graves blood may be on the doctors gloves who is now touching MR AT Risk, and if the blood goes into the place were he is taking the blood from him then this could have very fatal consequences, for example MR AT Risk could get more illnesses and also, he could be at risk of catching HIV.

The staff members who are taking blood from the patients should change their gloves and wash their hands before they take the samples from any of the other patients. The manager of the hospital should have a wander around the hospital to see if this regulation is being put into place and if any other the staff is going against this rule they should be sacked on the spot as they are putting the patients life at risk, as they are putting them under the risk of catching HIV.