Indonesia, make a living as small scale farmers

             Indonesia, has the fourth largest population in theworld. Only China, India, and the United States have larger populations.Indonesian people speak over 700 languages and I found that very interesting.Indonesia is made up of more than 300 ethnic groups and 90 percent of thepeople is of the Muslim religion. The main ethnic groups which takes up makesof more than half of the Indonesian population are the Javanese and Sundaneseethnic groups.

Indonesia is rich in things such as minerals, natural gas,rubber, and palm oil. Many Indonesian people make a living as small scalefarmers or traders. (BBC News 2018)            Laws of the Indonesia are based on the civil law systemwhich is mixed with customary law and some Roman Dutch law. The United Stateslaws are based on constitutional law which protects the rights of all U.S.citizens. In Indonesia’s civil law systems, judges play a larger role bybecoming investigators, bringing charges against persons, and establishingfacts through examining witnesses’ testimonies.

By the judges taking on such alarge role, it forces lawyers to take on a smaller role even though they stillrepresent the interests of their clients in civil cases. In United Statesconstitutional law, attorneys and judges play a total opposite role in courtcases. (onlinelaw.edu)             In the United States adultery is frowned upon but has noserious consequences unless the person is legally married to numerous people. Tobe legally married to more than one person is called bigamy. Under the bigamylaw even though bigamy is a crime, persons are rarely prosecuted unless it is afraud to gain some kind of property or some other felony is committed.

Homosexualityis not as big of deal in the United States as it is in Indonesia. Many statesin the U.S. passed laws which allowed same sex marriages to be legal and allow samesex couples to adopt children.

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(uslegal.com)TheIndonesian law that caught my attention the most is the Sharia law. The Sharialaw was part of the Islamic Crime Bill which was passed by the regionalparliament on September 15, 2009. In Indonesia adultery and homosexuality ispunished in two different ways but both are severe. The first punishment is forpersons that are not married and committed adultery.

This punishment consistsof 100 cane lashes. The second punishment is for those that are married and commitadultery. This punishment consists of being stoned to death. There are alsopunishments for persons that willfully participate in homosexual or lesbianactivities. Those punishments consist of up to 100 cane lashes, a maximum fineof 1,000 grams of fine gold, and/or 100 months of imprisonment. (foreign policy2009)Inaddition to the Sharia law for adultery, and homosexuality/lesbianism, rape wasalso included.

Punishments for those who commit rape consists of a minimum of100 cane lashes and a maximum of 300 cane lashes or imprisonment of at least100 months. For pedophiles, punishments consist of up to 200 cane lashes or amaximum imprisonment of 200 months. (foreign policy 2009) In the United Statescrimes of rape are punished by imprisonments of between 3 to 15 years and theoffender has to register as a sex offender. Sentences for pedophiles isimprisonments of between 3 to 25 years and the offender has to register as asex offender. (sex crimes laws)  ReferencesCitied:http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-14921238https://onlinelaw.wustl.edu/blog/common-law-vs-civil-law/https://uslegal.comhttp://foreignpolicy.com/2009/09/18/indonesias-harsh-new-laws/https://sex-crimes.laws.com              

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