Indonesia, has the fourth largest population in the
world. Only China, India, and the United States have larger populations.
Indonesian people speak over 700 languages and I found that very interesting.
Indonesia is made up of more than 300 ethnic groups and 90 percent of the
people is of the Muslim religion. The main ethnic groups which takes up makes
of more than half of the Indonesian population are the Javanese and Sundanese
ethnic groups. Indonesia is rich in things such as minerals, natural gas,
rubber, and palm oil. Many Indonesian people make a living as small scale
farmers or traders. (BBC News 2018)

            Laws of the Indonesia are based on the civil law system
which is mixed with customary law and some Roman Dutch law. The United States
laws are based on constitutional law which protects the rights of all U.S.
citizens. In Indonesia’s civil law systems, judges play a larger role by
becoming investigators, bringing charges against persons, and establishing
facts through examining witnesses’ testimonies. By the judges taking on such a
large role, it forces lawyers to take on a smaller role even though they still
represent the interests of their clients in civil cases. In United States
constitutional law, attorneys and judges play a total opposite role in court
cases. (onlinelaw.edu)

            In the United States adultery is frowned upon but has no
serious consequences unless the person is legally married to numerous people. To
be legally married to more than one person is called bigamy. Under the bigamy
law even though bigamy is a crime, persons are rarely prosecuted unless it is a
fraud to gain some kind of property or some other felony is committed. Homosexuality
is not as big of deal in the United States as it is in Indonesia. Many states
in the U.S. passed laws which allowed same sex marriages to be legal and allow same
sex couples to adopt children. (uslegal.com)

The
Indonesian law that caught my attention the most is the Sharia law. The Sharia
law was part of the Islamic Crime Bill which was passed by the regional
parliament on September 15, 2009. In Indonesia adultery and homosexuality is
punished in two different ways but both are severe. The first punishment is for
persons that are not married and committed adultery. This punishment consists
of 100 cane lashes. The second punishment is for those that are married and commit
adultery. This punishment consists of being stoned to death. There are also
punishments for persons that willfully participate in homosexual or lesbian
activities. Those punishments consist of up to 100 cane lashes, a maximum fine
of 1,000 grams of fine gold, and/or 100 months of imprisonment. (foreign policy
2009)

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In
addition to the Sharia law for adultery, and homosexuality/lesbianism, rape was
also included. Punishments for those who commit rape consists of a minimum of
100 cane lashes and a maximum of 300 cane lashes or imprisonment of at least
100 months. For pedophiles, punishments consist of up to 200 cane lashes or a
maximum imprisonment of 200 months. (foreign policy 2009) In the United States
crimes of rape are punished by imprisonments of between 3 to 15 years and the
offender has to register as a sex offender. Sentences for pedophiles is
imprisonments of between 3 to 25 years and the offender has to register as a
sex offender. (sex crimes laws)

 

References
Citied:

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-14921238

https://onlinelaw.wustl.edu/blog/common-law-vs-civil-law/

https://uslegal.com

Indonesia’s harsh new laws

https://sex-crimes.laws.com

 

             

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