Indonesia have plenty of energy resources. Indonesia’s power plant is depend on fossil, such as coal, oil and gas which will be exhausted and caused a greenhouse effect 1.

National Long-Term Development Plan 2005 – 2025 (RPJP) stated that nuclear energy can be considered to fulfil electricity in Indonesia. According to RPJP, Indonesia is planning to reach 17% energy share from new and renewable energy, and there are nuclear included with other resources such as wind, solar, biomass and hydro 2. However, development of NPP plan in Indonesia faces obstacles. It because not many people know about important reasons of NPP for the Country. Indonesia need to build Nuclear Power Plant for a variety of reasons: environmental considerations, competitive and availability of abundant fuel.

First, the reason why Indonesia need nuclear energy to replace using fossil resources is environmental considerations. Benefits of NPP in environmental aspect are clean and environmental friendly 3. NPP have the lowest environmental impact.

During normal operation, NPP do not produce air pollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NO). These harmful gasses can cause health effect and premature death 4. The current NPP in the world has been studied annually that operating NPP can prevent the emission of more than 2 billion tons of CO2. Thus, the nuclear power plants can achieve the target of Indonesia’s government to reduce CO2 releases which cause global warming and effect of climate change.

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Inconclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant.For many of them, the main reason is related to environmental friendly whichhave not air pollutant. The other reasons are also competitive in cost andpower, and many fuels of uranium potential in Indonesia. So, Indonesia shouldconsider these reasons for construction NPP plan in the future. Second, another reason Indonesia should takeNPP is competitive. Uranium as fuel of NPP able to generate electricity largerthan fossil fuels.

It can be assumed that 1 gram uranium can produce heatenergy which is equal to the burning result of 4 ton coals and 2 ton crude oil.This assumption can be convert to kWh, 1 billion kWh (1 GWh) only need 1 ton oftypical enriched uranium fuel, it is as much as 160000 ton coal. NationalNuclear Energy  Agency (BATAN) has beencalculated the cost of electricity NPP based on economical studied.

The cost ofelectricity NPP is around 10,37 cent USD/kWh. In short, NPP has larger powerand  lowest cost than fossil fuelledpower. First, the reason why Indonesia need nuclearenergy to replace using fossil resources is environmental considerations.

Benefitsof NPP in environmental aspect are clean and environmental friendly 3. NPP havethe lowest environmental impact. During normal operation, NPP do not produceair pollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2)and nitrogen oxide (NO). These harmful gasses can cause health effect andpremature death 4. The current NPP in the world has been studied annually thatoperating NPP can prevent the emission of more than 2 billion tons of CO2.Thus, the nuclear power plants can achieve the target of Indonesia’s governmentto reduce CO2 releases which cause global warming and effect ofclimate change.Finally, Indonesia have many prosperous fuel resources, including uranium.

Related to the NPP development plan in Indonesia, communities doubt readiness of uranium as NPP fuel. Since 1972, BATAN has conducted exploration activity of radioactive materials. This activity take a result that Indonesia have potential uranium resources by the amount of about 63 thousand tons uranium . So far, there are four location potetial that have uranium for NPP fuel; in Mamuju, West Sulawesi; Bangka Belitung; Kalan, West Kalimantan and Papua. Nowadays, utilization of uranium in Indonesia isn’t exploitation plan yet, but still in exploration research. Thus, the availability of abundance uranium in several location in Indonesia can make people realize that NPP can be utilize for generate electricity suistainable.In conclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant. For many of them, the main reason is related to environmental friendly which have not air pollutant.

The other reasons are also competitive in cost and power, and many fuels of uranium potential in Indonesia. So, Indonesia should consider these reasons for construction NPP plan in the future.