1787 the Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to
compose a new Constitution. During
so, the representatives from each 13 states created a fair way to elect the
President and Vice President of the United States of America. The reason
for creating the Electoral College was to give less populated states additional
leverage in the process by issuing senatorial electors and making sure there
are no political manipulations. “The constitution gives
every state a number of electors equal to the combined total of the state’s Senate
and House of Representatives delegations” (Electoral College). America should not rid itself of the Electoral College
and should not just go with the popular vote.

            Getting rid of the Electoral College
in America is a terrible idea. If we decided to elect the President by a
popular vote, states such as California, Texas, Florida, and New York would be
the ones to determine who becomes President. These states would determine the President
and Vice President because they are the mostly populated states in America. Just
Texas and California alone account for about 20 percent of America’s population
(Sawe). Florida has
a population of about 19 million, which is 20 times larger than Montana (States Ranked by Size &
Population). The state of New York also has a population of 19 million (States Ranked by Size &
Population). The popular vote would not be fair to the smaller populated
states, because the bigger populated states would decide who becomes President
and Vice President.

            There were a few thoughts on how to
fairly vote for the President and Vice President. One idea was to let Congress
select the President. This idea was rejected because some thought that the selection
of a President would be too hostile of an issue and would produce resentment in
Congress. The next idea was to give the States Legislatures the power to elect
the President. This idea was also rejected due to the fear that the President
might give the State Legislatures who voted for him/her enough power to ruin
federal authority, and undermine the big idea of a federation. The third idea
was to go by the popular vote, but the Framers of the Constitution thought, not
that the public were not intelligent enough, but that they would naturally vote
for their local candidate. Finally, a committee of eleven, who were in the
Constitutional Convention, proposed an indirect election of the President and
Vice President through a college of electors.

            The Presidential election is held
every four years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November.  “When you vote for a
presidential candidate you are really voting to instruct the electors from your
state to cast their votes for the same candidate” (Longley). Each Presidential
candidate has their own group of electors. There is a total of 538 electors we
elect to vote for the candidate we choose to. Each individual elector gets one
vote, so if the state has ten electors, those ten electors would cast ten votes.
“The U.S. Supreme Court has held that the Constitution
does not require that Electors be completely free to act as they choose and
therefore, political parties may extract pledges from electors to vote for the
parties’ nominees” (About
the Electors). The Electoral College is based on population, so the
bigger states will get more electoral votes. To win the Electoral College you
must receive 270 votes out of 538. The meeting of electors takes place on the
first Monday after the second Wednesday in December after the Presidential election.

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            There are some cons of keeping the
Electoral College. The Electoral College gives a lot of power to the swing
states, such as Wisconsin, Florida, and Pennsylvania (The Electoral College). Also, the
Electoral College ignores what the people in the United States want. In the
2016 election between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, Clinton won the popular
vote, but Trump won the Electoral College vote; therefore, Trump won the
election. If an election ended up with a tie in the Electoral College, there
would be a one state one vote basis conducted in the House of Representatives. So,
North Dakota, with a population of 757,952, would have an equal say in picking
the President and Vice President as California, with a population of 39.25
million (Black).

            America should not rid itself of the
Electoral College and just go with the popular vote. Large states would hold
too much power in the Presidential election, and small states would be very
unhappy about that. The Framers of the Constitution took cautious measures to
making sure that the voting of a President and Vice President were effective,
smart, and fair. No, the Electoral College does not typically go by what the “people”
want, but it prevents unfair voting between the states, and does not let
unintelligent people determine who becomes the President of the United States. 


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