InUnani system of Medicine, the concept of Mijaz is very important and the wholehuman body work according to their Mijaz. Tabiat, Quat-e-Mudabber-e-Badan andHarart-e-Ghariziya are also affected and influenced by Mijaz.
Changing in theMijaz causes various diseases along with Joef-e-Aaja, Itfa-e-Hararat-e-Ghariziyaand Tahallul-e-Arwah. Due to these changes, body does not get Badal maYatahalal in the quantity as body requires.Rootabat-e-Ghariziyaplay key role for the equilibrium of Hararat-e-Ghariziya. When quantity andquality of Rootabt-e-Gharziya changed, it directly affects theHararat-e-Ghariziya.
Excess diminishing (Tahleel) of Hararat-e-Ghariziyaaffects in two ways.1:Diminished Harart-e-Ghariziya leads to change in Huzoom-e- Arbaa, if changingoccurs in Huzoom-e-Arbaaa, then leads to production of abnormal humors orRatoobat which advocates the change in their Mijaz which is prominent factorfor ageing.2:Diminished hararat-e-Ghariziya decreases the Quwa-e-Badan (Body power). DiminishedQuwa-e-Badan unable to perform their function in a proper way, hence it alsopromotes the process of ageing.Thegreat Unani Phycisian Ibne sina says Rootabat-e-Ghariziya are regularlydestroyed and diminished gradually by the influence of hararat-e-Ghariziya,atmospheric heat and body movements, although diet provide Badal ma yatahallalupto some extent but not in the quantity as Rootabat-e-Ghariziya dissolved. Hencein Unani Tibb, there are three main factors of ageing has been described, theseare followings:1. Barudat and yabusat of mizaj thatincreases as age advances while there is need of hararat and ratubat for life.
2. Weaknessof hararat e gharizia3. Weaknessesof quwa, because of that different organ of body gets weakened and easilysuffer from different disease.Keeping in view of the above factorsof ageing, the Unani scholars have discussed the care of aged people(Mashaaikh) in a big detail and described different regimes (Tadabeer) for them.Tadabeer Mashaaikh can be defined as the regimen or systematic plan ornon-pharmacological procedure to maintain and improve the health status ofelderly people. These Tadabeers include various guidelines related tomoderation and modification of Asbab-e-Zarooriyah and Ghair Zarooriyah.
Theseare followings1. Tadabeer-e-Ghiza2. Riyazat3. Dalak4. Hammam5. Sleep6. Environment around them7.
Factors associated with theirpsychological health like happiness and hunger etc.The aims of these Tadabeer are:· To protect Ratoobat-e-Ghariziya and Hararat-e-Ghariziya aslong as possible.· To avoid production of Ratoobat-e-Gharibah· To remove the Fasid Mawad from the body through naturalmethod and channels· To protect body from unwanted environmental factorsIn all these Tadaber, GhizaiTadabeer are supreme and play very important role for maintaining the health ofMashaaikh. According to Unani physicians, in old age there is dominancy ofBaroodat and Yaboosat, therefore Musakhkhin and Murattib diet should beadvocated for elderly people. In this stage of life there is great chance toreduction of Harart-e-Ghariziya, which is very necessary for life, thereforeduring old age following diet should be advised, which may be very beneficialto improve the life style of elderly people.Wheat:Rice: It is very famous cereal andstaple food of more than half the human race. It strengthens Hararat-e-Gariziyaand produces Musmin wa Mubhi effect.
It increases the age also. Unai scholarshave different opinion about its Mijaz, according to the author of Minhaj, it’sMijaz is Barid Yabis but most of the Unani scholars, including Ali ibne Sinaand Najeebuddin Samarqandi, are agree that its Mijaz is Har Yabis.Gram: The Mijaz of gram is Haar. It has Mudireffect. It strengthens the Hrarat-e-Ghariziya and increases the spermproduction, but raw gram is harmful for elderly people because it producesRiyah (gases) therefore it should be eaten only after roasting it. Almond: The Mijaz of almond is HaarRatab. It produces Ratoobat in the body but not in the excess amount thatcauses harmful effect to the body. It gets relief in burning maturation.
Itbeneficial specially for the week and debelatating people. Garlic: Garlic is very beneficialfor the old people because it strengthens Hararat-e-Ghariziya and protects thehealth of Mashaaikh. It removes the Ghaliz Riyah and treat the dribbling ofurine.
The Mijaz of garlic is Haar Yabis.Ginger: The Mijaz of ginger is Haarin third degree and Yabis in second degree. It strengthens Hararat-e-Ghariziyaand increases the age. Ibne Samjoon advocates that ginger prevents from gettingold if it is regularly taken in the diet. Ibne Baja says, “it removes theharmful effect of Baroodat (cold) if it is taken with water in the winterseason. Figs: The Mijaz of fig is HaarRatab. It strengthen Hararat-e-Ghariziya. It is very good Mulayyan (Laxative)and its nutritional value is also very high.
According to Unani physicians itproduces Sukhoonat in the body, therefore it is helpful in improving thelifestyle of elderly people.Coconut: The Mijaz of coconut isHaar Ratab and its nutritional value is also very high. Asl (Honey): Honey also strengthensHararat-e-Ghariziya and increases age. It produces Musakhin effect hence it isvery beneficial for Barid Mijaz people. Now it is proven that honey has immunemodulator effect and improve immunity.Maa-ul-Shaeer (Barley water):Sikanjabeen (Vinegar + Honey): It isvery famous which is described by Unani physicians, it has various effect likeQate safr, Musaffe dam, Qate balgham, Mufatteh sudud and Mudire bol etc.Milk: Milk is very beneficial forthose Mashaaikh who can digest it because of its nutritious and humectantseffect.
Goat’s milk and donkey’s milk are considered best for them. Vegetables (Spinach, Beet root,cabbage, Karfas and carrot): These are vegetables that Mashaikh can eatspecially when these vegetables are aromatized with olive oil and Mari (Aabkama).This is specially chosen to take before the meal, in order to obtain a laxativeeffect. Regarding non vegetarian diet,chicken is recommended.
Meat soup prepared with roasted Roman wheat and barleyis highly nutritious and good for elderly. To sum up, food should be given toelderly in small amounts at a time and it should be Qalle-ul-kimmeyat andKasseer-ul-kaifiat like half boiled egg, Maa-ul-laham and milk etc. There maybe two, or three, meals a day, divided up according to the digestive power andaccording to the general condition.
At the second or third hour they maypartake of well-baked bread, and honey. At the seventh hour after the bath,they may partake of other food which is laxative in action. At the bed timesome laudable nutriment may be allowed.
Ghaleez diet which are poor todigest like Hareesa, Khusk gosht (dry meat), tanoor ki rooti etc. are avoided,because they may lead to Istisqa (ascitis) and Hisat-e-masana (gall stone).Similarly, hot, pungent viscous (sticky), tenacious, flatulence yielding dietand desiccant food such as kawamikh should be avoided. Diet for new born babyJalinoos states that best diet forchildren is milk of mother therefore the baby should be nourished, as for aspossible, with the mother’s breast milk.
The breastfeeding in the beginningshould be given only two or three times a day and avoidance from large feedsespecially during the first few days. It would be better to give the baby alittle pure honey before the initial feed. It is generally observed that thebaby gets readily quietness after receiving the mother’s breast. If the milk isinclined to be sour, breast feeding should be avoided. A small quantity of milkshould be squeezed out before each feed especially before the morning feed.
Thishelps the flow of milk and saves the baby from unnecessary strain and exertion.A little crying before the feed is generally beneficial to the baby. Thenursing mother should take moderate exercise and eat wholesome food. Thenursing mother should avoid vegetables such as watercress, mustard, wild basiland mint as they are nit good for lactation. Mother should not breast feed thebaby when she herself is hungry or fasting.If the milk production seems to beinsufficient for the infant then mother should take the decoction of Tukhm-e-jarjeer,Tukhm-e-anisoon, and Tukhm-e-gajar and have a hot bath.
If the milk is thinthen the nursing women should take light diet and avoid Hammam and exercise. Ifthe milk of women is too thick or has an unpleasant odor, it should bewithdrawn and exposed to air for some time so that milk become Raqeeq and thenursing women should treated with Sikanjabeen Bujoori and decoction of Foodanj(mint), Hasha(hyssop) and Saatar jabli and reddish should included in the diet. The suckling mother or nurse shoulddo moderate exercise daily and eat Jayyyad-ul-kaimoos diet like meat of smallbirds or animal, bread of wheat or barley, apple, grape, pomegranate, fig,almond, jujube(bair) and should avoid garlic, onion, Rai, Hing, Ajwoin, wildmint and hot spices. She should abstain from sexual inter course as it wouldactivate the menstrual flow and make the milk foul deficient.Duration of lactation The period of lactation is normallyconsidered two years. When something additional to milk is required, suchaddition should be made step by step. Weaning should not start abruptly.
WeaningWhen the baby begins to ask forthings other than milk, it should be allowed to take them gradually. When the incisorteeth begin to erupt, milk should be gradually supplemented with food articleswhich are not very hard and difficult to chew. Care should be taken not tooverload the stomach. When breast feeding is stopped, light food such as softbread, Harira and easily digestible meat should be given. It is to good to feedthe baby after the oil rub and bath. Weaning should be slow and gradual. If thebaby keeps on crying for the breast milk, nipple may be coated with a pastemade of one gram each of powdered Murmaki and Tukhm Khurfa.