In the world and it is the basic

In the21st century power is essence of the world and it is the basicnecessity to uplifting the human life style as well as industrial andagriculture growth.

The socio economic growth of the country’s depend on theun-interrupted supply of electricity Hence, the per capta electric consumptionof consumers is an indicator of socio economic condition of that country.Pakistan is country where power shortfall is exist since last ten years.Furthermore, the consumer faced 12hours load shedding on daily basis. Inaddition, the causes of power shortfall is due non-technical losses on consumersites. The power supply distribution companies in Pakistan, does not have anyreal time antitheft mechanism to controller electricity theft on consumerpremises.

In this project, we will introduced an electricity theft detectiontechnique (ETDT) by Power Line communication technology to identify the powerthieving in consumer premises. Furthermore it is necessary to measure powerconsumption and regulated various associated variables. Various losses havebeen associated with power sector, these losses are very high when comparedwith other developed countries. The current technical and non-technical lossesin transmission lines and distribution lines are much more as compare to otherlosses in electricity infrastructure.

Hence, losses can be reduce by usage ofan   efficient ETDT management services.Electricity theft is at the epicenter of worries for developing economies allover world, but electricity theft in Pakistan has substantial consequence onPakistan’s economy. The power theft is the major challenge for power utilitiesthroughout the world. In other words, illegal utilization of electricity withoutthe company’s consent.

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,80
Delivery
4,90
Support
4,70
Price
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
4,70
Writers Experience
4,70
Delivery
4,60
Support
4,60
Price
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,50
Delivery
4,40
Support
4,10
Price
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

It is enough to destroy the entire power sector ofcountry.   1.1            BACKGROUNDAND LITERATURE REVIEW 1.2.1Energy theft can be in the form of deception suchas meter tampering, illegal connections (bypassing meter connections), physicaldestruction of energy meters, etc.

 Energy theft cases are occurred in the most regions of the world.Approximately 102 countries including Pakistan faced the electricity theftconcern due to poor infrastructure, political uncertainty, highly level corruption,low level government efficiency, appointments of non-technical staff, anddeficiency of accountability, law and order situations. Pakistan is the countrywhere all natural resources are available for the generation of electricity,but unfortunately there is lack of long term planningfor the generation of electricity and theft detection.  There are two types of losses but major one isnon-technical losses area of power sector.

NTL is more difficult to measurebecause there losses are frequently occurred at consumer premises and the powersupply companies has no recorded information to control these losses. NTL areusually done by human being who is unaccountable for companies. TL are naturallosses occurred in power grid and these losses produced by physical structuralproperties of power system.   1.

2.2     BY THE SURVEY OF LITERATURE              By the surveywe studied that, electricity theft detection using the auxiliary CT (currenttransformer) and tapping circuit interfaced with microcontroller. The polemounted current transformer on a service with an output of energy loaddifference between them.

If the difference is found the theft willautomatically detected and supply of energy will be tripped. This system isused to over come the theft of electricity via by passing the energy meter andhence it also controls the revenue losses and utility of the electricityauthorized.                 Theelectrical power theft detection system is used to detect an unauthorizedtapping on distribution lines. Improved area of this system is a distributionnetwork.

The recent system is not capable to locate the exact location oftapping on electrical lines. This system is real time. This technique protectdistribution network from theft i.e.

done by tapping wire. In the history,various technique were used to detecting the location of direct tapping on  a feeder and finding illegal consumers ofelectrical supply. On a same way, some non-technical measures such as detectionof consumers with specific load profiles and campaigning opposite to illegalconsumption were implemented to control electricity theft. Some of the techniques (proposed worldwide) are described: 1.

2.3 NON -TECHNICAL LOSSES: A. Damaging i.e. misusing of meter to ensure the reading for lowerconsumption. B. Mistakes intechnical losses calculation.

 C. hooking on LT lines.D. Set the false readings by bribing meter readers. E.

Ignored the unpaidbills. F. Faulty energy meters are used by the consumer to savemoney.

G. Mistakes in billing and not giving the instant reading. H. Consumers are not pay continuously for supply. 1.2.4 THEFTOCCURS ON ENERGY METER: A. Take an auxiliary connection on service wire.

B. Cutting the potential reference point in energy meters. C. Changing readings of energy meter and switch off displayon current reading.

 D. Illegal opening ofcover on energy meter.        1.2            AIM  AND OBJECTIVES 1.

3.1 AIM OFTHE PROJECT  Aim of the project is todetermine the theft detection by using PLC and identify to sources that haveled to electricity failures. 1.3.

2OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT             These project have the followingobjectives:1.      To understand the mechanism ofelectricity failures.2.      To develop a prototype model ofelectricity theft detection technique (ETDT) using PLC.3.      To make efficient management systemthat will be help full to avoid electricity theft.

  1.3            SCOPEOF WORK  This projectinvolves the study on knowledge acquisition of interfacing among PLC, ARDUINO,GSM MODULE and other hardware to complete this project. The project achievementis to design a system that will facilitate in monitoring the process ofELECTRICITY THEFT DETECTION TECHNIQUE (ETDT) and to demonstrate how this systemcan be used in WAPDA, K- ELECTRIC, etc.   

x

Hi!
I'm Dora!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Click here