in this research, we analyzed the question aboutwhy local people are dissatisfied with Ine, which is a famous touristattraction that annually five million tourists visit. Local people/residentsdirected their spearhead against Ine’s tourist policy, which would make Ine tobecome a popular tourist attraction. They definitely are not opposing tourismitself.
They just want to quickly accept the tourism that aims at protectingtheir life. Therefore, Ine will lose its charm if they only leave the form ofFunaya and become popular tourist site. In order to persist the charm of Aquatourism, people should understand that Funaya without local residents who livein there is not the true scenery that people want to appreciate for. As abrief conclusion, In the next part of this paper, we aregoing to talk about the specific conclusion our study and also the possiblesolutions of Ine-town’s issues, the significance of Aqua tourism and itsmeaning to the Ine-town. The serious aging problem in Ine-towncaused the empty Funaya phenomenon still exists. Maybe there is no way to completelysolve this issue, however, the example plans such as refuse the tourism thatwill make Ine-town into a popular tourist site, and, to build up rentalFunayas.
People in Ine wanted to create a tourism which we can see localresidents living in Funaya and a tourism which we can know that what Ine-town’slifestyle is. Aqua tourism can be seen and can be accepted as a solution of thelocal problems in Ine-town. What’s more, we found a very important anddoable plan raised by local residents, the rental Funaya. The participants whoparticipated into our research were almost all elders and from their answers welearned that the aging problem is getting serious in Ine-town.
After weconducted field walking, we found that there were some empty Funayas withoutpeople living in there and also no ships. Local residents were considering, ifpeople wouldn’t change the situation, Ine’s landscapes may also change. If theplan that focused on the developments of making Ine into a popular touristsite, Ine would become only a preservation area without local residents livingin there. Therefore, the rental Funaya is necessary.
The main idea of rentalFunaya is that, people from outside the Ine can also use Funaya and experiencelocal people’s life. Through doing this, there are possibilities that Ine canrecover from the current situation. The rental Funaya is also a way to increaseIne-town’s charm.We concluded and analyzed some possibleways to solve the contradictions according to participants’ answers. First, inorder to protect living spaces, people can set up a line on the sea to preventtourist ships from entering their living spaces.
Second, refuse the plan which wantedto put telescopes next to the commercial tourist facilities on the mountains,so that can protect local people’s privacy. Third, limit the time periods ofthe guide ships’ advertisement signs. Fourth, do not open large scale hotels.According to local residents, they worried about the commercial activities thatwould do harm to Ine’s life but they would accept the bed and breakfast (B&B ) in Funaya (?????). For instance, onlyone group of people can stay in a Funaya for one night. Since Ine also has itsown local rule, the hotel which will hold in a Fuaya B&B style may protectits local rule. What tourists, Kyoto prefecture and Ine’stourist association were expecting, is a popular tourist site as same as theShirakawa town (???).
On the opposite, the local residents didnot want to accept a tourism that would interfere with their life since theywanted to protect their living spaces. Therefore, we noticed that there werealso some local residents who may accept the tourism only if this kind oftourism can satisfy some conditions. Also, to develop a sustainable aquatourism in Ine, it is necessary considering the tourism with conditions.After analyzing the participants’ answersaccording to our questionnaire, we found the contradictions between localresidents, tourism organizations and tourists. Tourists recognize Ine town as atourist attraction because they want to appreciate beautiful sceneries and theunique Funaya, or in other words, for their own entertainment.
Therefore, theyvisit Ine with demanding better tourist facilities. For instance, moreconvenient transportation, more accommodations (hotels) and restaurants, thesame time, facilities have to meet the needs of commercialization. Some of thetourists disagree with the idea that their visit will not interfere with localpeople’s life since from their perspectives, Funaya and other houses are alsoparts of the scenery. Moreover, if they got better tourist facilities, theywould only use those facilities. For Kyoto prefecture, the increasing number ofpassenger flow volume is the important measure to promote Ine town, even Kyotoprefecture’s economy. Attract tourists by the use of “star aura” of Ine town,the interests can be extended to the scale of Kyoto.
Therefore, it is necessaryfor Kyoto to recognize Ine town as a tourist attraction. Same to the Ine’stourist association, especially when under the pressure from Kyoto prefecture,the object of them is also develop Ine as a tourist attraction. However, forlocal residents, the people who are living in Ine, they thought that Funaya andother houses belong to their living, not tourist facilities, and in Reality thetourists actually interfered with their life, there were impolite behaviorssuch as taking photos without permissions. Also tourism is changing theirhometown into a commercial tourist site. Therefore,we were curious about the protection of Funaya and whether these protectionsand the development of the tourism interfered with local residents’ life.
Whetherthey are dissatisfied with the protections, or whether they are dissatisfiedwith the tourism, tourists. To understand local people’s thoughts about Ine’stourism, we conducted interviews in Ine during the time period from August 3rdto August 7th. We used face-to-face interview and simple sampling tochoose the participants. The participants were local residents and localtourism organizations. For the interview, we asked about 11 questions, we addedor decreased the questions according to participants’ answers. For instance ofthe questions: “Is there any rules when using the Funayas? Or is there anylocal rule in Ine-town?” “Do you agree or disagree with the tourism inIne-town? And what are the reasons?” “What does Funaya mean to you? Do youstill want to protect it in the future? Why?” “What are the opposite effectsand negative effects of the tourism of Funaya and also the Ine-town?” “What doyou want to show to the tourists? And what are the reasons?” It is verynice for the government to carry out landscape policies, it demonstrates thegovernment put emphasis on the protections of landscape.
However, Torigoe(2012) points out one weakness of the outline of?????????, local people and specialists have to evaluate thelandscape when they build up public project constructions. The argument is thatthis method may be an excuse for government to develop public services sincethey can ask for more construction requirements, moreover, for sociology, weneed to pay more attention on who evaluate, how they evaluate and to analyzethe landscape from a interpretive sense (Torigoe, 2012). We need to think ofthe laws based on the considerations of the relationship between culture,nature and human, to think from the perspective of people, if the landscape isdestroyed, it would bring us the destruction of nature, culture andinterpersonal relationship (Torigoe, 2012).Landscapescan be divided into two types: natural landscapes and cultural landscapes. Naturallandscape is the original landscape that exists before it is acted upon byhuman activities and cultural landscape is the cultural properties thatrepresent the combined works of nature and of man (UNESCO, 2012, p.
14). As weintroduced in the previous chapters, Funayas in Ine were considered asimportant traditional buildings which made by local residents and also Inebecame the preservation area of Funaya (?????????????). Funaya is used for fishers to park their boats andalso can be used as storehouse and so on. It is build by local residents and itis really unique and historical.
So obviously Funaya is belongs to culturallandscapes. According to Torigoe’s book’s explanation on the protection of thelandscape (2012), if one place changed into a landscape, it will catch localpeople’s attention, and the formation of the landscape will raise the awarenessof this place, prevent the indiscriminate development in this area and the sametime means protect the environment.Thecontradictions between tourism and local people’s life: CHANG ZIQING