In this paper, Iwill argue that in china unitary legal system, Chinese characteristics, decentralization of authorityfrom the central to local governments and local governments have regional autonomy,especiallyin the economic marketSKA1 . I am particularlyinterested in exploring the current level of integration of the Chinese economySKA2 .

The mainstay of thepaper is formed by an analysis of the experience of decentralization in China,the impacts of decentralization on economic performance in China, China’ssustained rapid economic growth over the era of its systemic reform, andChina’s macroeconomic stabilitySKA3 . China, a unitary sovereign stateFirst of all, inthe preface of constitution of PRC, it says The People’s Republic of China is aunitary multi-national state created jointly by the people of all its nationalitiesSKA4 . Socialist relations of equality,unity and mutual assistance have been established among the nationalities andwill continue to be strengthened.China’s governmentis de jure non-federalist. The latest Chinese Constitution (the 1982 Constitution)celebrates its thirty-fifth anniversary in 2017. The governmental structure itenvisions gives an interesting insight into how the Chinese government believesit is or ought to be structured. It defines China as “a socialist state underthe people’s democratic leadership led by the working classSKA5 “. The Constitution defines itself asthe “state’s basic law”?andit explains that it de­scribes the “state’s basic system and basic duties /tasks” as well as the “basic norm of conduct”  for all citizens, state organs, the armedforces, political parties, public organizations, and all other entities.

Italso imposes on them the duty to uphold the dignity of the Constitution andensure its implementation. So, absolutely,China, as everyone known, is a unitary sovereign state. we shall know,A unitary state is a state governed as a single power, like BEIJING, in whichthe central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions(sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central governmentchooses to delegate. In a unitarystate, sub-national units are created or abolished and their powers may bebroadened or narrowed, by the central government. Although political power maybe delegated through devolution to local governments by statute, the centralgovernment remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments orcurtail their powersSKA6 .China, is aunitary sovereign state and the world’s most populous country, China exercisesjurisdiction over 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 direct-controlledmunicipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing) and the 2 SpecialAdministrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau, also claiming sovereignty overTaiwan.

And theconstitution says, in the article 3, the division of functions and powersbetween the central and local state organs is guided by the principle of givingfull scope to the initiative and enthusiasm of the local authorities underleadership of the central authorities.In china unitarysystem, the system of political organization in which most of the governingpower resides in a centralized government. China government is a form ofgovernment in which authority is concentrated in the central government. Localgovernments, such as those of regions or cities, are under the control of thatcentral authority. They have only those powers granted to them, and the centralgovernment may alter or abolish local authorities at will. Decentralizationof authorityThe centralgovernment is responsible for managing national-level concerns, such as foreignrelations, national defense and national economic policy.

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The central ruler ordecision-making body controls all aspects of governance, because there are nopowers or functions legally reserved to other levels of authority. All areas ofgovernment ultimately are under the authority of a single body, so states thathave this type of system often have more uniform laws and regulations. however, Since theintroduction of economic reforms in 1978, Many reform policies were delegatedto provinces and local governments. For example, China did not liberalizeprices in one stroke. The dual price system was a common practice in China inthe 1980s, with one planned price and another market price. A little-knownfact is that, for many goods, moving from a dual price system to a single pricesystem was not carried out solely by the central government, but also by localgovernments.

Decisions aboutprices were largely delegated to lower-level governments. (Exceptions to thisgeneralization are some nationally important goods, like energy transportation services.) Many local governments have extended their authorityto pursue reform to liberalize the prices. Decentralizationin the 1980s differed, however, in that it is combined with financialincentives, reliance on market mechanisms, increased control for lowergovernments over their economies, and a new openness to international markets.

Decentralizationof authority is particularly associated with theestablishment of special economic zones, coastal open cities, and developmentzones. In the beginning of the reform, China established four special economiczones: Shenzhen; Zhuhai; Shantou, adjacent to Hong Kong in Guangdong Province;and Xiamen, in Fujian Province across the Taiwan strait. Governmentdecisions in unitary states are not necessarily made by the central authority. centralgovernments delegate some degree of decision-making power to more regional orlocal authorities in a process called “devolution,” then the local governmenthave greater autonomy. Decentralizationhas increased the incentives as well as the range of political means for localgovernments to erect trade barriers, on the other hand, resulting in theso-called regional protectionism economies phenomenon, which hasworried the central government. This form of protectionism has occurred most oftenin the markets of high profit-margin manufacturing goods (such as automobiles,tobacco products, and alcohol).

China lacks anadequate mechanism for policing the internal market. This absence explains inpart why many local governments have focused on trade barriers and aggressiveantimarket policies within their jurisdiction. Second, politicaldecentralization has yet to be institutionalized to ensure its long-termstability. A third problem is the absence of law, as many have noted.China has no strong, explicit constitutional foundations, within relationshipof the interaction between central and local.

ConclusionSo, we havediscussed problems that arise from both central and local government. Thereare, however, problems from a central government that is too strong, and thisis the danger of recentralization. Without further institutional constraints, afinancially independent central government would pose potential dangers to thereform’s progress. Decentralization began with the delegation of considerableeconomic authority to local governments.

These governments assumed primaryauthority over economic matters within their jurisdiction.So, maybe, in thefuture, Chinese style of federalism’s, balance of power between the nationaland subnational governments, with the constitutional foundation, rather than acomplete centralization with a unitary government.  SKA1I’mnot sure I understand what you are saying. Are you saying that all the items inyour list have regional autonomy? How does the unitary legal system have regionalautonomy? I think you may need to restructure this sentence.

 SKA2Integratingthe economy into what?  SKA3Thisthesis and overview does not seem to answer the prompt, which was to writeabout the strengths of your country’s legal system. Are these strengths? If so,you need to tell your reader so. An American reader will not know.  SKA4Butis this about the legal system? I think you might be beginning with too broad afocus.  SKA5Givethe source in a footnote.  SKA6Thisparagraph seems to be from Wikipedia. You have to write original sentences.

Iwant you to write this paper from what you know. You do not need to do researchfor it.