In faction. Thereafter in 2013, the Ninth Circuit

In 2008 the voters of the State of California passed Proposition 8,abolishing the ability (and legality) of couples of the same-sex to marry. Oneyear later, the Supreme Court of the State of California voted to upholdProposition 8 stating that it was legal to dismiss minorities from the equalprotection clause. After many legal challenges, the Supreme Court of the Stateof California agreed to hear the case, with their verdict allowing for the constitutionalability to exclude factions from the equal protection clause. This created uproaras the equal protection clause is meant to protect minority factions from thedetermination of the majority faction. Thereafter in 2013, the Ninth CircuitCourt of Appeals overturned the Supreme Court of California’s ruling. This madesame-sex marriage legal in the state of California.

In the year 2015, theSupreme Court of the United States ruled in the case of Obergefellv. Hodges that under the preceptsof the fourteenth amendment, same-sex couples couldn’t be discriminated againstwhen they apply for marriage licenses. The Supreme Court of the United States alsofound that the equal protection clause and the due process clause prohibitedexclusions against minority factions. This would have rendered Proposition 8illegal had the Ninth Circuit not overturned the lower court’s ruling.

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