An ideal work environment is that which abides by the principle “from each according to his capacity, to each according to his need”. This means that each person, with his/her own set of knowledge and skills, is not hindered from effectively participating in the labor force. The workplace does not discriminate workers based on gender, nationality, age, economic status or other characteristics but would primarily consider the person’s desire to work and provide employment commensurate to what s/he has to offer.The workplace, and society as a whole, should also bridge the inequality in economic remuneration between white collar and blue collar jobs or between manual and mental labor (Foster, 1999). This distinctions of the type of work and the higher regard for white collar jobs and conversely, the lower regard for manual work serves to marginalize the less-educated workers who are in that status not because of their own doing but because their lower economic standing limited their capacity to acquire sufficient education.The workplace should recognize that manual work is equally important in production, that machines can not run without human hands to operate them and this does not warrant that CEO’s receive millions in annual salary while ordinary workers receive barely enough. Further, the workplace should promote the development of workers in terms of skills and knowledge. By doing so, workers find meaning in their work through self development, a sense of achievement and appreciation of what they can individually and collectively do.
This goes against the current widely-adopted assembly-line type of work environment wherein a process in production is broken down into simpler tasks and delegated to workers who perform the same repetitive tasks everyday which actually de-skills the workers (Foster, 1999). Thus, in this kind of workplace, the rights and welfare of the worker is of prime importance. Wages are not pegged at a minimum that only allows for the basic survival of the worker and his family but is computed on the basis of their actual needs for food, health care, education, electricity, water, recreation, etc. or them to live humane lives.
This warrants that production should not be profit-based but intended to make available the needs of the majority of society at prices that even ordinary workers would be able to afford, i. e. they make shoes but they can also buy the shoes they create.
In addition, the workplace should also maintain working hours and an environment that are not detrimental to the workers’ health because productivity depends on the level of well-being and morale of workers.