Human lifein this age is very challenging. The more challenging life causes the emergenceof “New Syndrome” that attacks people ie stress. Hatta Sidi andMohamed Hatta Shaharom (2002) have pointed out that stress is part of humanlife ever since unknowingly. Stressn is not a strange thing for today’ssociety. Normal pressure is experienced by all types of people when in a stateof less or less calm. In general, stress words have been widely used in severaldifferent contexts. Stress and life are closely related to the lifestyle,character of a person, family factor, urbanization process and cultural shockto modernization.
Pressure is a disease often associated with mental health andoften attacks the community today. Mental health as defined by the World Health Organization(WHO).Stress at workis an emotional and physical response that occurs when a conflict between thejob requirements of the employee and the ability of the worker to meet theexpectations and expectations. In general, the combination of high demand ofcare and low amount of control over a situation can lead to stress.
Stress isan important thing and is often associated with individual work performance,health and productivity levels (Rohany & Fatimah, 2006). Pressure can alsoaffect productivity and quality of employees if not handled effectively. Hence,work stress can negatively affect the health of the employees and consequentlythe individual’s well-being. For individuals who work, most of the life isfilled with working hours. Role in the workplace is a priority for some workinggroups, while households or families are second to none. It can not be deniedthe importance of employment for a person, not just an economic factor but ajob assigns a social status to an individual.
Thus, the success of a person inhis work is often regarded as a factor in success in life. On the other handfailure in career is considered a failure in life. The problem faced byindividuals at work will lead to stress, because 2 jobs are the bulk of thelives of an individual. High work pressure can also negatively affect familyrelationships. (Rohany, 2003) While according to Maarof & Hazlinda (2008)in everyday life, humans are constantly faced with the stresses that sometimeschallenge their life function. However, stress is not only a negative impact onour lives but also a driving force for more active and productive behavior.Strictly speaking, although stress is usually considered as negative, however,stressful elements that can be addressed are necessary in human life because ofsuch pressure, play a role in promoting behavior. The stress that gives apositive impression especially that promotes positive behavior is known aseustress, but the extreme pressure can not be resolved and has a negativeeffect known as distress.
For extreme pressure and extreme stress, it candamage the lifestyle and health of an individual. Meanwhile, stress is alsobelieved to be the largest contributor to chronic diseases such as cancer, lungproblems, suicide and heart problems. In addition, stress is also oftenassociated with mental health and often attacks the community today. Human lifein this millennium is very challenging and complex.
The diversity andcomplexity of this life led to the emergence of “New Syndrome” thatattacked people namely pressure or more commonly known as “stress”.According to Hatta Sidi & Mohamed Hatta (2002) stress is a part of humanlife ever since unknowingly. It changes face in time. Pressure is not somethingforeign to these 3 countries. Pressure is usually experienced by all humanswhen in an unpleasant situation.
From the psychological point of view, a personwho experiences stress will be in anxiety, low-level, confused andquick-tempered. While in physiology, individuals will experience muscletension, headache, backache, insomnia, heart attack and high blood pressure.Pressure is also believed to be the leading cause of coronary heart disease,cancer, lung problems, accidents and suicide (Asmawati & Siva, 2002).Through research by Mohd Awang, Dollard and Wine Field, (2010) finds themajority of respondents surveyed %) agreeing the pressure on work has increasedrecently. According to Helvinder (2003) in the World Health Organization (WHO)report there are about 100 million people in the world depressed at any onetime.
In a report issued by the United Nations, pressure in the office waslabeled as a ‘disease’ of the 20th century and the World Health Organization(WHO) also reported that stress was the World Epidemic. Online Online in itsreport dated 8th. November 2011 also reports that almost half of Malaysianworkers work more than 8 hours a day and take home regularly to settle in theevening. Such situations can cause a person to be under pressure and certainlymany negative implications occur when a person can not controlling the stressof work will further impact on job satisfaction. From various studies onstress, it is found that the cause and effect of pressure is too wide and thereare other factors that cause identification and analysis of the pressure to bemore complex.
Previous studies have also focused on the use of research toolssuch as the Job Descriptive Index and Osipow Occupational Stress Inventory inmeasuring the pressure and effects of stress. The new study tool introduced inMalaysia and has not been widely used is the Occupational Stress Indicator(OSI). Therefore, the researcher has chosen to use the Occupational StressIndicator (OSI) test tool to conduct a study to see the differences in workstress factors among the staff of the Food Safety and Quality Division of thePerak State Health Department based on demographics where independent variablesare the factors of work stress and variables relying on gender, age, durationof service and marital status.