Nursing in the world, is one of the most important professionals involving provision and caring for the peoples health at different areas of specialization. It is a credential oriented career where the nurses provide specialized care to the people of different categories. Recently, the number of nurses infected with HIV and AIDS has increased in majority of the health care centers due to their exposure to HIV affected patients and equipments (International Council of Nurses, 2003).
Different cases have been reported of HIV transmission from the infected nurses to patients leading to calls by the people for the infected nurses to refrain from offering direct patient care. Despite the fact that they are infected with the virus, they should continue to offer their direct services fully to the patients in the whole world as their benefits are many. With the current statistics of the people who transmitted the disease from the nurses bing unclear, the nurses professional is usually guided by high ethical and humanly standards that make such incidences purely accidental and unintentional (Jones, 2002).Just like other workers in the world, the nurses must be protected from discrimination in their work places and possible harassment because of their status. The calls for the nurses to step aside if they are positive, have been unfounded and lack basic foundation either regionally or internationally (International Council of Nurses, 2003). This paper explores the key aspects of the nursing profession and a career which serve to provide basic and specialized human care services to all mankind.It analyses the key aspects that should be considered to retain the nurses at their places of work while addressing the current issues facing them with regard to their HIV status in many parts of the world (Burkhalter, 2004).
Nurses experience in handling patients Jones (2002) argues that all nurses in the world having been involved with direct care for the patients, possess high level experience that is required for improving the health care in the world. The profession takes long to qualify and the training of the nurses is highly skilled and specialized.Therefore, all the nurses experience must be safeguarded and fully utilized to offer the specialized care they give and reduce waste of resources by discontinuing them (International Council of Nurses, 2003).
Many of the nurses who are affected mostly work with HIV affected people and therefore have vast experience in areas of HIV transmission, prevention and control. Ethics in nursing profession. Nursing as a profession is more to a call for service to people than it is a career as considered by majority of the people.
Nurses especially those involved in HIV and AIDS, have been highly dedicated in counseling and offering specialized care for the affected patients. Their heart for the society which have made them receive world wide recognition and appreciation, cannot therefore be directed towards discriminating them on the basis of their HIV and AIDS status at any time. Indeed, with their wide integrated experience of proper use of the recommended medicine, better diet and positive living, they can help the affected people to assume similar lives (Susan & Katherine, 2006).Though many patients tend to deflect from being served by the affected nurses, the nurses themselves are always kind and committed to their work of offering health care to the people. To add to that, they are always careful when dealing with their patients in terms of using the protective gear that protect them and the patient thus making it hard for them to spread the virus (World Health Organization, 2001).
HIV aids transmission and employees protection.According to International Council of Nurses (2003), HIV transmission from one person to another, takes place through bodily fluids contact especially those of the affected person to the unaffected person (Taylor, 2001). This transmission mainly involves sexual intercourse, use of surgical equipments and needles on different people with one of them being affected, blood transfusion and kissing. Therefore, as the outlined methods form the main modes of HIV transmission, the nurses themselves do not have direct interaction of their body fluids with those of the patients (Flaskerud, 2002).Therefore, the different cases reported of patients getting HIV in the health care services is through other infected patients services and not the nurses themselves except for few isolated cases . Policies and legal framework Like other workers in the society, nurses cannot be stopped from working due to their status. They should however be encouraged to live positively and the counter preventative methods established to increase their lives and services in their areas of work.Having been strongly involved in their services to the public, they should be encouraged, loved, cared and supported to feel part of the society in which they live in (Susan & Katherine, 2006).
Many countries all over the world criminalize dismissal and any form of discrimination of the affected people since they are capable of working and contributing positively to the development of the economy at all times. With the number of the HIV and AIDS affected people in USA being well above one million, the federal government uses a lot of money for supporting them, therefore they must be encouraged to work and be able to rely on themselves.Americans with Disabilities Act (part b) protects discrimination of the affected people until such a time when one cannot dispose his duties competently as required (Jones, 2002).
The United Nations indicates that over 40% of the current population in the world infected with HIV and AIDS will die in the next few years if they do not get the health care support and drugs to support their systems and prolong their lives.The health care workers are also protected by the law in USA from revealing their status while the few institutions that require the status revelation believing strongly that infected nurses can comfortably work like others (International Council of Nurses, 2003). Challenges and support to the affected nurses According to Jones (2001), with the nurses being directly involved with the people who are affected, it is of great importance to take special precautions to reduce the current rising levels of the affected nurses in different health care institutions.The main goal of the health care services to the people is ensuring quality service delivery to them and the affected nurses should avoid exposure that can compromise this main objective. Besides, the management of the health care facilities should subject the nurses to adequate training on ways and methods of improving efficiency in the service delivery to the patients with minimal chances of transmitting the virus (World Health Organization, 2001).To add to that, this education should be extended to the general public and the patients in particular for full cooperation with the nurses as their main role is to help them improve their health quality. Also, inclusive studies should be established to determine the trends of the nurses to patient HIV transmission in the recent past.
Cooperation from the different government sectors and non-government institutions must step in more strongly to reduce the possible effects that would rise to the women majority in the nursing profession if the claim is to be effected (Jones, 2001).Conclusion. From the above discussion, it is clear that the nurse’s roles in the society is a tremendous one, which is carried out with high levels of diligence as they offer the basics requirement for all the human beings. With the levels of the affected people increasing day after day, the transmission from the affected nurses has been minimal therefore strongly supporting the call for their continued working in their areas of work.The law being protective to all the employees with nurses included, they should not be discriminated as the world requires their services more than any other time in history (Susan ; Katherine, 2006).
Ample measure to capture the current claims will assist to address the problem with expounded training on an outward approach for reducing the impacts of the virus on the international scale. Finally, equally strong focus should be directed in the struggle to establish the possible cure for the epidermic in the whole as it threatens on a large scale to devastate the world in the near future.