Hello! My name is Jane, and today I’ll be talking about sodium nitrate.Now, what is sodium nitrate?Well, sodium nitrate is like sodium chloride. It’s like table salt! It’s also known as NaNo3, and it’s sometimes called Chile saltpeter. Sodium nitrate exists as a solid, object that dissolves well in room temperature water. It can be acquired by mining out of the ground, or by chemical synthesis. Sodium nitrate can be found in Chile and Peru.And when it’s eaten, it’s usually converted into sodium nitrite.Sodium nitrate is colourless and odorless. It has a saline, somewhat bitter taste. While sodium nitrate is among the safest available for what it does, its function should be considered for safer chemistry revolution.Sodium nitrate isn’t combustible, but it enhances the combustion of other substances. When it’s involved in fires, it creates toxic oxides of nitrogen. Sodium nitrate might explode after being exposed to heat or fire for a lengthened amount of time.Sodium nitrate is necessary for plant growth.Itcanalsobefoundinunregulateddrinkingwater.Sodium nitrate can prevent food poisoning from botulism and other bacteria. It also helps gives processed meats a deep red colour. So, sodium nitrate is used to preserve meats. Oh, AND in fertilizers, explosives and rocket fuels. It’s also used to chemically strengthen glass and it is the inactive ingredient in many eye drops.Serious poisoning and death have happened when sodium nitrate was mistaken for table salt and eaten with food….Nothing much.:)On a serious note,It’s best to avoid sodium nitrate whenever possible. Too much sodium nitrate can lead to many health problems.The main concern of sodium nitrate overdose is methemoglobinemia, a condition in which over 10% of the hemoglobin is transformed into methemoglobin. This can be deadly when the conversion exceeds 70%.Sodium nitrate might damage blood vessels which makes arteries more likely to harden and narrow. This leads to heart disease.Sodium nitrate can also affect the way your body uses sugar, which leads to a higher likelihood of developing diabetes. Eating meats that have sodium nitrate regularly increases your risk of getting Type-2 diabetes by 19% because the nitrates in sodium nitrate can lower glucose tolerance. Type-2 diabetes can be deadly if it isn’t treated.Having a diet with a lot of sodium nitrate can also increase the chances of getting certain types of cancer, like stomach or pancreatic cancer. The reaction your stomach has when sodium nitrate combines with its acid can increase the risk of stomach cancer. Lowering the amount of sodium nitrate you eat and having more fruits and vegetables can lower this risk.Too much sodium nitrate can also give you negative symptoms like headaches and dizziness. Eating it can also increase your chances of developing convulsions and mental disorders. Large amounts can also lead to bloody diarrhea, gastroenteritis and abdominal pain. Regular exposure can bring rapid heartbeat, irregular breathing and even comas.Though high levels of sodium nitrate could be dangerous or deadly, this would take eating 6 000 to 10 000 servings of cured meats in a single sitting.The nitrate levels associated with these conditions are also difficult to get from natural foods because they contain things like absorbic acid, or vitamin C as well, which could protect the body from developing these diseases.In medicine, dietary supplements of inorganic nitrate can reduce blood pressure.Finally, your daily intake of sodium nitrate shouldn’t be more than 3.7mg per kilo of body weight.Though diet is the number one way humans are exposed to nitrates, people are also exposed to it through water, soil and air.Sources of sodium nitrate in foods include processed meats like ham, bacon, salami, hot dogs, sausages and bologna, but it also includes vegetables. Some examples of vegetables high in sodium nitrate are spinach, beets, radishes, carrots, celery and cabbage.Sometimes, meats are cured with natural sources of sodium nitrate, like celery powder.. ..But there’s no difference between plant-based nitrates and purified nitrates.By the way, products labeled as “nitrate free” might actually have two times more nitrate content than bacon cured directly with nitrate salts, so be careful.Moving on to the end of my presentation, I will now tell you some (3) ways to avoid sodium nitrate.Ways to avoid sodium nitrate include eating as little processed foods and cured meat products as you possibly can, checking labels carefully and avoiding products that say sodium nitrates on their list, and eating organic foods.The reason why eating organic foods can reduce your intake of sodium nitrate is because organic vegetables and fruits normally have fewer nitrates because they’re not produced with synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, and processed organic meats do not have nitrates. In fact, in Canada, adding nitrates to processed organic meats is illegal.Thank you for listening to me talk about sodium nitrate.