Germanyhas a rich history that acts like a roller coaster. It had a fair share ofclimbs and a fair share of big drops. Germany is a country with a rich historyand we can learn a lot from the things that they have gone through.Nevertheless, Germany is a country that has got up after it went down and theyreally did persevere. Germany’sdecline began after World War 1.
After the Allies advanced on them in the warthey signed an armistice, or truce, to stop the fighting. After they signed thearmistice, Germany organized a government and lost 10% of their land, had todismantle their army, and had to take full responsibility for the war. To themthis felt like humiliation by the Allies. In addition to all of that they wereforced to pay for the damages they had caused and that sent their economy in adownward spiral.
Thegreat depression in 1929 set brought their economy even lower. This is when theUS had to withdraw their loans from Germany. This set off the German people andAngered them. prior to this Adolf Hitler was jailed after trying to overthrowthe government. During this time Hitler used the fear and anger of the peopleto help him get into office. He ran for president and failed but was madechancellor by General von Hindenburg.
In 1933 a young worker in the parliamentbuilding was accused of setting fire to it. Hitler used this action to convincethe government to give him emergency powers and the German people lost theirright to free press. ThenHindenburg died in 1934. This was when Hitler rose to power. Politicians andbusiness men wanted to stay in the light of the people and decided to endorseHitler.
They believed that his radical ideas were only for show. Hitler put theblame on the Jewish people and people believed him when he said that the Jewishpeople were profiting off of the failure of World War 1. This is how heconvinced the people to rise up against the Jews and he tried to exterminatethem all. The tipping point of World War 2 happened when the Japanese decidedto surprise attack the US at Pearl Harbor. This was an attempt by them to scarethe US out of the war. this proved to be a vital mistake because the US wasalready aiding armies against them and this just brought them into the war,which inevitably was ended by them. InGermany’s history, there were many political issues.
The main one came at theend of World War 1. This was the period where Germany lost the war and had tocome up with a new form of government. This new government was mainlydemocratic. When their president was General von Hindenburg, he was easilyswayed by the actions of Hitler. Many people feared the actions of Hitler buthe silenced them with intimidation.
Anotherincident also happened towards the end of World War 1. This was immediatelyafter the war when Germany signed the armistice. The imperial governmentcollapsed and civil unrest broke out along with workers strikes. Fearing therise of communism, they formed a democratic government by which the peoplewould live under. This government was called the Weimar Republic. This was thegovernment that implemented the peace treaty that the Allies pushed on them.This brought the collapse of their economy and gave Hitler a path by which hegained his power.
Thelast social issue that will be talked about happened during World War 2. Thisis when the Jews were despised for their success after the war. The Germanpeople saw them as gaining from the loss of the war.
Hitler used this idea toshow the Jews as the people who caused the loss of the war. He labeled them astraitors for not wanting the war and also tried to kill off all of them. Duringthe war millions of Jews were killed. They were killed by furnaces, gas chamberand starvation. The Nazis burnt them alive in furnaces, worked them till theycouldn’t bear to live anymore and locked them in experimental chambers in whichthey put gas in to see the effects. They did a lot of bad things that we canlearn from today. Anexquisent writer from Germany is Elie Wiesel. This was a Jewish author that hada first-hand experience with Nazi Germany.
In his book Night, he talks aboutthe nightmare like events that took place in internment camps. The story talksabout how he got away from the internment camp and all of the horrible thingsthat went on in there. This is a trilogy with three books. The three books areNight, Dawn and Day. In the book Night Elie is liberated at the age of 16 butit was too late for his father. His father died from being beaten. Elie talksabout how they had to remove their shoes and there was even a story about howthey all had to have their gold crowns removed from the insides of their teeth.They endured countless beatings and were forced to work until they could nomore and were given very little food to survive off of.
It is very interestingto learn about the struggles that the Jews endured during this time. It isimportant for us to realize that the Jews did nothing wrong. All of the hatredthat they faced came from fear and jealousy.
The people of Germany thought thatthe Jews had betrayed them because they were successful after the war. Hitlerjust had radical ideas and used the fear and anger of the people to embrace hisideas. He also used intimidation to scare the people into not talking againsthim and get businessmen to support him.