Geopolitics is the study of the effects of geography (both human andphysical) on international politics and international relations. Geopolitics isa method of foreign policy analysis which seeks to realize, clarify, andpredict international political behavior mostly in terms of geographicalvariables.
Characteristic geographical variables are the physical location,size, climate, topography, demography, natural resources, and technologicaladvances of the state being evaluated. Usually, the term has applied primarilyto the impact of geography on politics, but its usage has evolved over the pastcentury to encompass wider connotations.From economic side, geopolitical economics is primarily macroeconomic studyand reasoning that takes into account geopolitical forces and aspects. Howgeography and control over all types of resources are not only shaping thepolitical process and foreign policy, but increasingly the economy andfinancial markets. Nonetheless not in exclusive mono-causality, but withcausality in both directions. Geopolitical interests are increasingly drivingeconomic and monetary policy, but also economic interests are shaping military,foreign and energy policyExisting research is widely available about geopolitical importance,however it is not clear how geopolitical location impacts on countries’economy.
2)ResearchobjectivesThe main objective of the proposedresearch is to understand how geopolitical location of Turkey impacts itseconomy and which things play important role.3) Main objectives1. To understand geopolitical location of Turkey and its importance2.
To examine Turkey’s economic policies3. To analyze effects of geopolitical location of Turkey on its economicpolicies4. To analyze effects of regional terrorism on Turkey economy 4)MainResearch Questions1. How does geopolitical location of Turkey impact its economy?2.
Which elements of location are play key role on economy? 5)KeyliteratureGeopolitics is the study of the distribution, concentration anddivisions of power and their influence on the conduct of world politics. In itsoriginal usage it referred to the impact on inter-state relations of thespatial disposition of continents and oceans and the distributions of naturaland human resources. Today, however, the term also includes examination of allof the geographical assumptions, designations, and understandings that enterinto the making of world politics (as in critical geopolitics) and how thesechange in concert with material conditions (historical geopolitics) (Agnew, 2003).Also there has been an emerging empirical literature on the economiceffects of particular regional terrorist organizations and specific cases ofpolitical violence.
Notable examples include Kurdistan Workers’ Party(PKK) in Turkey (Özsoy and Sahin, 2006; Feridun and Sezgin, 2008; Araz-Takay etal., 2009; Öcal and Y?ld?r?m, 2010; Derin-Güre, 2011; Feridun, 2011; Kayao?lu,2014)