Furthermore,Hazrat Umar(r.a) was also responsible for the new infrastructure of roads andpublic transportation for the Muslims.

To fulfill the needs of a growingpopulation,  Hazrat Umar(r.a) expandedthe Holy mosque in Makkah and the Prophets(pbuh) mosque in Madeenah. He madetravel throughout the Arabian peninsula possible for poorer Muslims who did notown horses or camels. He set aside a portion of the public funds from the Muslimtreasury to purchase a number of camels which were borrowed by those who neededthem to travel. At various points between villages and urban cities, he establish’flour houses’ where food was stored and were used as guest houses for thosetravelling. Nothing of this nature was ever present before for the Muslims, andthis truly was a luxury the Muslims enjoyed. For a nation to achieve itseconomic and military goals, its cities must be connected by well maintainedroads and  Hazrat Umar(r.a) achieved thatat the highest levels.

Finally, HazratUmar’s(r.a) caliphate was marked as the golden era of Islam because of theeconomic and military success.   His wasan era of great military conquests, where he took down two of the largestempires in the world, the Roman and the Persian Empire. “‘ It was during histime that the conquest of Syria was completed; as was that of Egypt to it’sfarthest reaches, as well as the province of Persia. He destroyed Kisraa(Chosroes) and humiliated him to the utmost, forcing him to retreat back to thefarthest reaches of his kingdom.

  Similarly, ‘Umar destroyed Qaysar(Caesar), wrestling from his hands the lands of Syria and bottling him up inConstantinople.  He spent the wealth (conquered from them) in thepath of Allaah – as the Messenger of Allaah had informed and promised..”(umaribnalkhattab. tumblr.com).

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This will always be the greatest achievement ofHazrat Umar(r.a) and it really solidified him as the greatest Caliph the MuslimNation ever had. He also went on to take back Jerusalem for the Muslim Nationand was actually present to enter Jerusalem when it fell to the Muslims.

It wasa great victory for the Muslims and it cemented Hazrat Umar(r.a) legacy as thegreatest Caliph of the Muslim Nation.  Whatstarted off as a religion with a few hundred followers abandoned in the dessert, Hazrat Umar(r.a) turned it into one of the most powerful Nations on earth andthe world took notice, gaining respect and becoming a formidable opponent toany power that would dare to invade the Muslim lands.There is no doubtin my mind that the caliphate of Hazrat Umar(r.

a)  gave the Muslim Nation a bright future, wherewithout his accomplishments, Islam could have been wiped out by a foreignempire down the road. Hazrat Umar(r.a) passed away after ten years being acaliph and the effects of his death were strongly felt by Islam and its people.After his passing, the hypocrites got a window of opportunity to finallyexecute their agenda and tyranny followed. The unity started to fade away andMuslims started dividing into different sects. Hazrat Uthman(r.a) was chosen asthe rightly guided third Caliph and his time was nothing but full of controversiesand tyranny.

There were a lot of people at the time of the death of the Prophet(pbuh) who believed that the Prophet’s(pbuh) cousin and son-in-law HazratAli(r.a) should have been the first Caliph. The controversy did not live outloud because of the strong leadership of Hazrat Abu Bakr(r.

a) and HazratUmar(r.a) and the support they received from Hazrat Ali(r.a) himself. However,after the passing of Hazrat Umar(r.

a) and Hazrat Ali(r.a) being passed over forthe third time, A sect called the Shiite was starting to form. They are thefollowers of Hazrat Ali(r.a) and have secluded themselves to believe in HazratAbu Bakr(r.a) and Hazrat Umar(r.a). The sect formed of the original Muslims iscalled the Sunni which is derived from the word ‘Sunnat’ , which means ‘the wayof the prophet(pbuh)’.

They follow the exact words and actions of theProphet(pbuh) which is the Sunni way. Shiites have formed newly invented ideasand rules, such as praying 3 times instead of 5 and there have been conflictsbetween Shiites and Sunnis that have started from the time the rule of HazratUmar(r.a) ended to present day.  To conclude, there is no doubt in my mind that the period during which HazratUmar(r.

a) was the Caliph was the ultimate Golden era of Islam. Hisaccomplishments paved the way for the Muslims to flourish in to the future andgrow exponentially. It was his leadership skills that earned him the title ‘Ameer-ul-Momineen’which means Leader of the Believers. What made Hazrat Umar(r.a) so respectful amonghis people was his modesty and down to earth personality. This was a man whocould have built himself palaces and kingdoms and eat from cutlery made ofgold, but instead he chose to treat himself as if he were the poorest of hispeople.

” Anas ibn Malik(r.a) related that he once saw ‘Umar(r.a) walking inthe marketplace while wearing a lower garment that contained 14 patches andAnas(r.a) recounted Umar(r.a) was not wearing either a shirt or a robe but hewas carrying a stick in his hand.

“(As-Salaabee). Here was a leader of a greatNation patrolling the market in simple ,old and torn clothes in order to makesure the weak and poor consumers were not taken advantage of. It was actionslike these that earned him the loyalty of his people that would go through abrick wall for him. His actions brought unity among Muslims that has never beenexperienced before. During his administration, it is well known that even astray dog wasn’t left to survive hunger, because Hazrat Umar(r.a) believed thathe would have to answer for every little situation and he would be heldaccountable for them. All in all, Hazrat Umar(r.

a) managed to find economicsuccess, great military conquests, unity among his people and brought insystems to build a structure of government that would define the Muslims as asingle Nation and that is what made his time the Golden times of Islam. To end Iwould like to leave you with one of the sayings of the Prophet(pbuh) to giveyou an idea of what is the status of Hazrat Umar(r.a) in Islam: “If there wereto be a Prophet after me then he would be Umar ibn Al-Khattab.”