For our report,we will have to study about how perception works, and how to record theperception of the interviewee.
First of all, what is perception? Widely knowndefinition of perception is “ability to perceive something or be aware ofsomething through the five senses”. This means that whatever our five sensesnotice or be conscious of that is perception, whatever we feel, see, hear,touch, and taste will be applicable towards perception. To explain the etymology of the word”perception” it “originated from the old French word “perceivre” which means tonotice, see, recognize, or understand” (Goldstein, 149). In psychology, theword perception is defined as “The way in which inputs from the sense organsare organized, analyzed, and interpreted in a meaningful way. It is a way inwhich assign meaning to our experiences” (Goldstein, 149); which means how thesense organs processes our external stimuli in an important or significant way.In the terms ofpsychology, there are factors that influence perception, why is the stimulus this and how come the recognizer or perceiverunderstood that way, and the perceiver or recognizer or the stimulus; thesetwo are the main factors or the factors most understood or the common factorsbecause `they cannot be separated, how would you understand the stimulus ifthere was no recognizer or perceiver of the stimulus. Sometimes the reason ofthe stimulus is powerful and attracts attention towards the perceiver orrecognizer, this is commonly known as Intense stimulus or a stimulus that wouldattract your span of attention, i.
e. You are talking to a person then someonepunctures your finger with a nail, of course your span of attention would shiftto the nail puncturing your finger because it was painful and spontaneous.Likewise, those stimuli that are repeated, those are the highly unorthodox,those that would never end, and those that are in motion would be betterperceived because they would attract the human mind through the curiosity ofthe human mind those stimuli would be better received because it is either thatthe brain would like to comprehend the stimuli or it is an unnatural occurrencefor the recognizer to see that stimuli.The factor ofthe perceiver is a significant factor because not everyone would perceive painthe same way, something that is important to you might not be important to others;because everything isn’t the same for everyone they have their own uniqueexperiences towards the stimuli, I.e. A normal human being wouldn’t fear asmall nail but if someone survived from tetanus and saw a nail they would beterrified because they had a different experience towards something.
“We callthese perceiver factors, Internal factors, they are the characteristics thatwould make a stimuli unique towards them, such as culture, interest, pastexperiences, culture, and motives would make a difference in interpretation inthings” (Goldstein, 144); everyone would have a unique experience because allof us have a unique way of thinking and looking at things because of theever-changing human mind would continue to baffle to us because of itsunpredictability towards experiences or encounters. “When somethingis experienced, the human mind would trny its best to create or make sense outof the encounter by structuring or organizing the world in a meaningful way.This is referred to as Gestalt laws of organization” (Goldstein, 149). These were created by Gestalt psychologistsbecause they contend that the human mind has a nature to organize things sothat it would make them feel better or normal towards the physical world, aswell to perceive sensory patterns and organize wholes rather than into separateparts because it would make them feel comforted or remove the disorder in theirmind. These are the principles of organization: 1.
Law of similarity – This law states items are perceived unique similar pattern . This picture is has triangles arranged in a pattern of the Statue of Liberty. 2. Law of Proximity- “This law states that items that are close proximity together are seen as a unit. Circles on the right are perceived in a row, while on the left are perceived in a column” (Goldstein, 149). 3. Law of Closure- This law states that incomplete figures are mentally completed or perfectly filled so that there would be order.
4. Law of continuity- This law states that we see items form a single path. Even though intersect they have their own unique path. When it comes toexplaining what we saw or perceived psychologists usually divide themselves intwo unique camps: First is bottom-up processing which is also known as datadriven processing/inductive reasoning, those who use bottom-up processing usesstrong physical evidence based from the general ideas of society, such as if aman wasn’t treated well as a child then the man would be a cynical man becausehis childhood was filled with bad and malicious experiences. Opposing campwould be top-down or deductive reasoning which uses logical reasoning in orderto reach a certain conclusion when we say logical reasoning we use theconditions based on a statement, i.
e. God is an intangible being, allintangible beings are powerful and manipulative, therefore God is a powerfulmanipulative intangible being.