* Religion is source of oppression:

o Pamela Abbot and Claire Wallace:

* Some church leaders have recently claimed that women are incapable of taking leadership and that men biologically take the initiative

* Religious organisations have emerged that tended to legitimate gender inequalities both through their power holders and beliefs they develop in which in variably play a subsidiary role

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* It can be argued that because the male has traditionally been seen to be the most powerful and dominant of the sexes religious beliefs has a basis in patriarchy

* Religious scripture:

o Church uses male pro nouns and commands women to take a subservient role:

* “Let women learn in silence with all subjection”

* “All wickedness is but little to the wickedness of a women”

* “He is in the glory of God; but woman is in the glory of the man”

* Christianity:

o Women are related to nature thus they need to be looked after and controlled

o Eve was a temptress who lured Adam into sin sexually. Thus women are seen as unclean, un-pure, wicked and subordinate to men

* Hinduism:

o Women are seen as nature and must be controlled by the spirit which is male or culture in order to become organized

o Women do not pray when menstruating as they are unclean

* Judaism:

o Women who are menstruating should stay away from men, children and the community

o If they have a male child she is dirty for 7 days and must purify for 33 days

o If they have a female child she is dirty for 14 days and must purify for 66 days

* Catholicism:

o Women are “unclean” and “impure” and so should not be given roles of power within the church

o Should purify themselves during menstruation

o Only women who separate themselves from men in a sexual sense can be honouree men e.g. Joan of Arc

o Women and men should punish themselves for their sexual desires

* Islam:

o Don’t pray physically during menstruation but mentally

o Full veil allows them to escape the glares of men


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