In 1928 Bukharin was for the New Economic Policy which Lenin had set up, however, Stalin was for the Five Year Plans.Stalin’s aim was to modernise the USSR and to catch up, and even overtake, the West’s industrial power. Heavy industry, such as iron, steel, coal and hydroelectric power producers, chemical industries, and transport, received lots of income from the government.There was mass regimentation of society. Wherever Stalin needed workers and labour he sent his workforce.In 1929, Stalin announced agriculture was to be collectivised. Stalin’s plan was to make all 100 million peasants join collective farms but many peasants opposed his plans. The richest of these opposing collectivisation were called kulaks. These people were landowners who employed other peasants at times. Stalin said that he intended to “liquidate the kulaks as a social class”. The kulaks were divided into three categories: “actively hostile” – these people were dealt with by the OGPU, the political police, and deported; the wealthiest kulak households were also deported but not as far as the actively hostile; and the least harmful of the kulaks were allowed to stay but given the worst land. Kulaks property was given to the kolkhozes. Roughly 1.5 million people from kulak families were deported and at least a quarter of those deported died of starvation, disease and the cold.Collectivisation led to modernisation and modernisation meant mechanisation. Tractor stations were set up around farms, one for every forty farms, which were run by mechanics. These mechanics maintained the tractors and use them to plough and harvest guided by the peasants.The collective farms which peasants worked on were called Kolkhozes. On these farms, peasants grew crops and gave a certain amount to the state and the surplus was consumed or sold.Another collective farm was a Sovkhoz. These farms were under pressure to produce crops all year round, whatever the weather, and they got paid a certain amount of money for doing so.One of Stalin’s favourite workers was a man called Stakhanov who was a giant miner who mined huge amounts of coal compared to other miners. Stalin used him in propaganda, as he wanted all the workers to be like Stakhanov.Soon Stalin had a new slogan: “Five in Four”. What Stalin meant by this was that the Five Year Plans could be completed in four years. This is what Stalin hoped for. He wanted mass production of everything in the least time possible.The Leningrad Party Chief, Kirov, was a young, handsome, popular, Russian, good speaker. On 1st December 1934, in Leningrad, Nikolayev shot Kirov. Borisov, Kirov’s bodyguard, was not with Kirov at the time. Later Borisov was found. It was discovered that he had had a car crash in which everyone survived except Borisov.After Kirov’s and Borisov’s death Stalin became very paranoid. He began an investigation which became known as the Purges. These Purges took place from 1934 to 1939. Before the Purges the central committee had 139 members, 98 of these were arrested and most of them shot. These people included Bukharin, Zinoviev and Kamenev. Two thirds of the military officers above colonel in the army were shot.Stalin improved Russia greatly after Lenin’s death. He raised the production of the country using the Five Year Plans and got rid of the New Economic Policy, modernised agriculture and industry, and removed classes such as the kulaks.However, when Lenin set up the New Economic Policy he did not intend to keep it for long for he set up the GOSPLAN in 1921. This was the State Planning Department and Lenin meant for this to take over from the New Economic Policy when it was no longer needed. Also, Stalin considered all of his actions to be what Lenin wanted. Stalin always felt he was doing what Lenin wanted to do.It is hard to say who was the more important figure in Russian history because Lenin made all the plans for what he wanted for the country but Stalin carried out these plans and made Russia a better country. However, Stalin’s paranoia got the better of him and led him to murder a large portion of his army in the Purges.I think Stalin was the more important figure as he improved Russia, even if it was under Lenin’s plans.