Colegio Lehnsen High School Senior Comp. 2013 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGAN DONATION Student’s name; Luisa Fernanda Figueroa Urias Grade / Section: 1 lth Grade “A” 2014 INTRODUCTION Date: January 24, A transplant is the replacement of an organ or tissue that no longer works with the objective of restoring lost functions.
In many patients, transplantation is the only alternative that can save your life and restore the quality of it. This is only possible thanks to the will of the people consent to donation. It is the replacement of a diseased vital organ, beyond recovery, otherwise healthy.The organs that are transplanted in our country are: kidney, liver, heart, lung, pancreas and intestine. Donors can be living people who can only donate those organs that do not affect the functions required by the body to maintain good health. Organ donation is possible in only 5 deaths in 1000 due to the complexity of the an intensive care unit immediately and requires a series of coordinated steps simultaneously. Sadly the reality is that waiting lists for organs and tissues continue to grow if it cannot increase the number of donations.The only way to solve this problem is to be n organ donor and encourage others to do our acquaintances are also, the more donors there are, the greater the number of lives that can be saved.
STATE OF THE ART What is organ transplantation? Medical treatment is indicated when all other alternatives to recover the health of the patient is exhausted, it is only possible thanks to the will of the people consent to donation. It is the replacement of a diseased vital organ, beyond recovery, otherwise healthy. The organs that are transplanted in our country are: kidney, liver, heart, lung, pancreas and intestine.Organ donation is possible in only 5 deaths in 1000 due to the complexity of the requirements necessary to carry it out, can only be realized if the death happens in an intensive care unit immediately and requires a series of coordinated steps simultaneously. What is the transplantation of tissues? It is a medical treatment that involves the replacement of damaged tissue with healthy one. Corneas, skin, bone and heart, valves from cadaveric donors were transplanted. Thanks to corneal transplants each year hundreds of people regain their sight.Bone transplant can prevent amputation in patients with bone cancer.
The valves allow treating heart disease. The skin is used in patients with severe burns. Most people can donate tissue. Unlike organs, tissues can be donated up to 6 hours after the cardiac arrest occurred. What is bone marrow transplant? Medical treatment is indicated in patients with hematological diseases terminals – for example, certain types of leukemia – which can be treated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (CPH), popularly known as bone marrow transplantation.The cells are donated to support life for a family member or a volunteer donor. To perform, in a irst step, the patient is diseased cells destroyed by treatments combining chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy.
Then the patient is infused donor cells taken. Finally, they replace diseased and start producing their own blood cells in a relatively short time. Ironically, the increasing success rate of organ transplant procedures is one reason that organ transplant waiting lists have risen so dramatically since the late 1980s.
The first organ transplants, performed in the late 1950s and 1960s, were characterized by high mortality rates; a major problem was that patients’ immune ystems often rejected the foreign organ. The introduction of the drug cyclosporine in the 1980s helped mitigate this problem, and organ transplants subsequently became less experimental and more routine. Statistics indicate that in 1998 organ transplant procedures were successful 70 to 95 percent of the times, depending on the organ being transplanted.With these increasing success rates, more doctors have recommended the procedures. Proposals to increase the number of organ donors However, raising awareness about organ donation is a slow process, and the need for more organs is immediate. Thus the biggest dilemma facing the transplant community is, “How can the number of organs available for transplant are increased? ” One proposal is to reverse the current system in which doctors must obtain a patient’s (or his or her familys) consent in order to remove organs after death.Under a policy of “presumed consent” all patients would be presumed to want to become organ donors unless they explicitly state otherwise.
Presumed consent proposals have consistently been met with strong opposition, however, on the grounds that they violate an individual’s right to make medical decisions for them. Alleviating the organ shortage Although tissue engineering, artificial organs and xenotransplantation provide hope for the future, the thousands of people currently on organ transplant waiting lists are counting on altruistic organ donation.As bioethicist Arthur Caplan explains, What is truly distinctive about transplantation is not technology but ethics. Transplantation is the only area in all of health care that cannot exist without the participation of the public.
It is the individual citizen who while alive or af- tern death makes organs and tissues available for transplantation. If there were no gifts of organs or tissues, transplantation would come to a grinding halt. The field of organ transplantation is one of the miracles of modern medicine, but its power to save lives depends directly on the availability of organs.The authors in At Issue: Organ Transplants debate the various ways to increase the number of organs available for transplant and thus reduce the number of patients who die every day waiting for a new heart, liver, or kidney. KNOW YOUR DONATION PROCESS AND TRASPLATE Organ donation is perceived in the abstract as an act that occurs when a person dies; he donation and transplantation of organs are perceived experiences beyond their own reality, denoting ignorance towards this type of process. It is something that happens in the lives of others and do not believe that every one of us or our loved candidates for donors.
The need for organ donors or be perceived more as an individual problem or a spice family as a social problem. FACILITATION OF DONATION Knowledge of decision disposing of the original The personal decision, and informed own will to donate organs plate them as the main facilitator of the grant thereof. Two aspects are crucial in this decision the fact take her life in a moment free from pressures and probably not related to medical conditions It is communicated by the alleged donor to family and friends.Knowledge of personal willingness to donate facilitates the donation to the family and the medical staff. A family allows them to authorize or deny making bodies in accordance with the true wishes of his deceased patient.
Prevents the application will take you by surprise organs that have to make a decision in times of crisis. Personal life decision also reduces the possibility of later regret in family. The bodys own will and willingness to donate.The decision to donate must have the nature of a testamentary disposition which should ideally be reported in writing before witnesses or notary.
But health workers incommunicado highlights of this process and promote the decision is expressed in family life and masters to ensure that the donor will be fulfilled. The arrangement of organs and tissues is a decision of the State , while in Mexico the property of the body rests first I finish a person after lack of a decision on the same property may be xercised by the nearest or absent relatives by the state.Yet to a growing climate of mistrust about the fate of the organs, the doctors have decided to perform the donation only when relatives express written authorization to dispose of the body of his family, ignoring even the will of the originating dispatcher. Types of donor The law recognizes two types of grant: one that is made between living and that which is obtained from a person who previously check the loss of life, if each must have the expressed consent of the respective one of the two forms you mentioned:Tacit Consent: It occurs when the donor has not indicated its refusal to your body or components are used for transplantation and also the consent of the persons legally entitled to grant it obtained.
The decision to donate organs Most people assume that their decision to donate their organs for the mere fact of having thought will carry out, despite knowing the last will of the donor, the final decision rests with the donation or secondary family deponents. The fear generated by the provision of foreign bodies is manifested not only the general public but also mong doctors and prosecutors.Among doctors see as a security measure without Donor Profile It has been found that falls more in women than in men, single and married, in groups between 20 and 59 years old , and whose desire to donate increases with increasing education and socioeconomic level . The highest percentage found acceptance from donating organs found in women than in men , due this because women are more inclined to donate part of the body in relation to its biological function of motherhood as an extension of their own maternity innate or learned enerosity and desire to give life.With regard to marital status is understandable that the decrease in willingness to donate single people, since the possibility of the presence of a component of depression increases. Therefore donate arrangement increases married people. Obstacles to organ Donation: Overcome the difficulties that are rightly perceived as obstacles by the population, are: Lack of will originating deponent Sometimes the original dispatcher takes the decision to donate life but not communicating with their close relatives .
Violation will wing donorThat will not be fulfilled The concept of brain death Means assuming new cultural conception of life and death among the population Distrust of the target organs Fears as organ trafficking, commercialization and corruption Concept of mutilation Making bodies conceived as body mutilation Distrust of the medical diagnosis The diagnosis of brain death creates mistrust. The most difficult barrier to overcome is to conceive other than that of traditionally accepted where attributes such as removal of life and death are the heartbeat. organos. shtml#lNTRO