Courseworks

Multicultural Britain

For 40,000 years Britain has been a destination for migrants. Some of the earliest were the Celts from the Russian steppes, who were then followed over the centuries by invading armies of Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians from various parts of northwest Europe. Centuries of migration have followed, spurred by war, revolution and poverty. Those coming to Britain have usually either been fleeing persecution or seeking employment and a new life. In my course work piece I will follow the immigration of the Jews in 1880s to the kosovons in this present day.So what we now call our multicultural society was a fare bit away to that of the 1880s. Granted the slave trade had been and gone which brought “black people” into this country although they weren’t accepted. In the 1880’s the Russians where about to change British society for the duration and possibly the better. The reasons for this change is that the Jews are being forced out of Russia, this as because they are being blamed for the assassination of Tsar Alexander the second. These pogroms where classed as playing the Jewish card, which is a means of using Jews as a political scapegoat. This has been performed for many an age maybe dating back to the bible where the Catholics believe it’s the Jews fault that Jesus was killed.* The Jews are pushed out of Russia. The May laws of 1882, which have been based on the “findings” of Count Nikolai Ignatyev. Jews are banished from all rural areas and towns of less than ten thousand people. Strict limitations are placed on the number of Jews allowed into higher education. A Russian anti-Semite called Konstantin Pobedonostev states that these laws were designed to “cause one-third of the Jews to emigrate, one-third to accept baptism, and one-third to starve”. These laws made an increased interest for the Jews tom migrate to America via England where many of them will end up living. Ignatyev him self was an anti-Semite he blamed the recent pogroms (persecution of the Jews) on Jewish exploitation and in his desire to rid him self of these people he was willing to allow them to immigrate.* They are also being pulled to move to Britain because of opportunities to get to a land of hope (America), there is already a Jewish community in Britain living happily, and there are job opportunities that will give a higher standard of living.1905 saw another influx of Jewish immigrants into this country. The main reason for this is yet another Pogrom. The 1905 Pogrom is a weeklong event. It spreads through dozens of towns and villages. Hundreds of Jews are killed, thousands are wounded and forty thousands homes and shop are destroyed in the rioting. This along with the fact the failed revolution of 1905 was backed by Jewish born people, which may have caused immigration. Has increased the numbers of Jews that came to England during this period.During world war one there are many refugees that into this country to avoid the wrath of the war that is going on around them A quarter of a million Belgians came to Britain between 1914 and 1919, settling temporarily in most towns and villages throughout the country. While Belgians were allowed entry during the First World War, Armenians facing genocide were excluded this is because of political reason and the British military situations.Post world war two a lot of people immigrated to Britain from the Caribbean. The reason for this influx was that after the war there are many Caribbean men that had fought for Britain during world war two. Some had served in Britain and wished to return and some are curious about the country they have fought for. They wish to see what it is like. The first of these new arrivals are the 492 Jamaicans whom arrived on the Windrush in 1948. They are manly men aboard this ship who are welcomed by many people but this will be discussed in question two. These young Jamaican men are looking to stay in Britain for a brief time and they intend to make money visit relatives and then see some of the world. Later in 1951 there was mass destruction of Jamaica by a hurricane.This acted as a catalyst to the push factor for Jamaicans to immigrate. Then in 1952 there was another reason for the increase of immigration to Britain, this time more of a pull factor. This was that the U.S restricted the numbers allowed to move to their country and Caribbean’s wishing to move would be pulled to Britain as there are no such laws as yet. At the same time British employers are setting up recruitment centres in the Caribbean. This makes it easier for people to move to this country, as they will have a job waiting for them as they arrive. During the late 50’s there is still a labour shortage and recruitment continued heavily. During the late 50’s Caribbean immigrants are performing the majority of poorly paid menial jobs.The influx of Caribbean’s into Britain was not the last since then there have been many up to the present day. In 1972 there is a great amount of Ugandan refugees who flee the country’s dictator Idi Amin. The UK took in 25,000 Ugandan Asians, whom are expelled from their homeland by the country’s dictator. The resettlement of the Ugandan Asians into Britain in the 70s is often classed as one of the most successful immigration operations. The reason that they have been forced to leave there homeland is that General Amin, is resentful of the wealth of the entrepreneurial Asians, so he gives them a deadline to leave Uganda. He accuses them of being “bloodsuckers” and milking his country’s economy.Yet again uprisings by Russians has caused more immigration to this country. It seems to have worked in a complete cycle. This is when some 22,000 Hungarians came to escape from the Stalinist purges after the 1956 uprising. Then later on 5,000 Czechs and Slovaks came after the defeat of the 1968 ‘Prague spring’. This is when the Russian communists have returned communist power to a Czechs public state.The most recent and widely publicized incident of immigration to this country must be the Sangatte Refugee camp. This is when about 1,200 immigrants from the Sangatte refugee camp have arrived in Britain, under a deal to close the centre. The centre had caused a lot of problems recently where the refugees refused asylum in France have inured the travel across the channel (or more accurately under). As they risked there lives to get into Britain. The Sangatte deal has included four-year work visas allowing them to find employment legally.The story of immigration into Britain is a rich history. But Britain is not alone in have people immigrate to its country most of the European colonizing countries have the same issues to deal with. Most if not all the immigrants I have looked at have moved either because of persecution, revolution and war. There of course are those that have moved to seek a better life but isn’t that much the same as fleeing a bad life?

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