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How far was British Society changed by the experiences of the Second World War

Think about total war with all involved in sharing the struggle and making different sacrifices. Who was most affected? Make the point that the gulf between the classes may have been narrowed but it had certainly not disappeared altogether. There was more consensus and an understanding between the classes. The role of women had also changed in the long term -Why ? There were certainly changes towards the government and a more supportive attitude towards the monarchy (which had suffered during the Abdication Crisis 1936). There was a more favourable attitude towards Labour as they were closely associated with popular domestic policies.Areas of impact. Work life -Unemployment was reduced, longer days, tiredness and late nights saw a rise in industrial accidents, less strikes than in the Great War, average earnings up for working classes, growth in trade unions(compulsory arbitration).Home life-Bereavements, broken marriages.Housing-bombing of cities, Anderson shelter,halting of housing boom.Classes-social mobility, middle and upper classes hit harder by higher taxationWorking class had less unemployment and better nutrition.Children-evacuation,education/ Blitz(Operation Pied Piper).Rationing-Battle of the Atlantic, food clothing, health, nutrition.Propaganda-/Personal freedom-Identity cards,Censorship,Black-outs,Ministry of Information.Women-working in munitions factories,conscription, leaving homes, Land Girls.Men-Military Conscription in 1940 (18-41),Armed forces,Home Guard,Civil Defence, National Service.A Sexual Revolution -. Culture &Mass entertainment. Influence of Overseas forcesConclusion based on How far………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….How far did the various sections of British society make the sacrifices required for the national war effort ?.People in general.Who are the different sections ?Sacrifices-Wives/families of service men who lost out on pay.Middle and upper classes-higher taxationMilitary ConscriptionRationing-Woolton Pie/ClothesPersonal freedom-censorship,propaganda,Identity cardsMinistry of InformationOlder Men-Home Guard/Civil DefenceUnmarried women-Conscription,Leaving Home WVS Land ArmyWomen-homes,work,pay and conditions,Auxiliary servicesBlitz-damage to homes and Evacuation,Indiscriminate bombingWork-Longer working days,rise in industrial accidents, trade unions had to have compulsory arbitrationPetty crime /Black MarketLootersThose who were wasteful-Lord Woolton etc ‘Squander bug’Discrimination in the work place and to overseas forces

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