Stereotyping is where a person generalises another person to be similar to a group. We stereotype everyday without even knowing it and we learn it from our parents, family and peers. It is usually a bad thing about a person but sometimes can be very much so true yet can be very discriminating to that certain group sometimes making the totally wrong assumptions. Stereotyping is a main part of the growing up process.
An example is in a care home thinking that elders make up symptoms and their is really nothing wrong with them at all.
Labelling is similar to stereotyping in the sense that it can be very discriminating to an individual. It is a process that we usually do without thinking and realise that we are doing it. Labelling is a name or a tag that we give to a person that usually would sum them up in our heads.
An example is labelling is seeing a fat person coming into the doctors and without saying it out loud we are labelling them fat in our heads.
Prejudice is where an individual has negative thoughts towards a group or other individuals. According to Stretch (Book 1 pg 60) “The term is often used to describe the way people sometimes judge others without knowing them.” The judgements are usually a form of labelling and stereotyping where we are judging a person or a group without really knowing if they are like this or behave this way.
An example of prejudice is assuming that young people are in hospital on a Saturday night because of alcohol.
Covert discrimination is where the discrimination isn’t out in the open rather it is masked and hidden. It can be hidden in a persons mind or in a group not for others to find out.
An example is where a person is waiting in A;E and the triage knows the patient they may put them ahead of the list of other who have been waiting.
Overt discrimination is where the discrimination is out in the open and not masked like covert. Discrimination can take place in many places and is open and up front about another person should it be their sex, race or disability. According to Miller J (ed) “It is sometimes termed as direct discrimination”
An example of overt discrimination is giving a female nurse a job and not a male as they would prefer a female.
Equality means that all people are equal and have the same value. Although this doesn’t mean that all people should be treated the same way as we are all different, but we still need to value diversity.
An example of equality would be a workplace where they have an ‘equal opportunity’ among all staff.
Equity means according to Stretch (2007) ‘Fairness’. Equity ensures that in health and social care people have a fair access to services which include treatment and access to doctors and medication.
An example of equity is a Polish person needing an x-ray, even if they are not a UK Citizen.
Every person has access to human rights which give them a voice to speak out but yet they need to respect others rights. In our UK law there is a total is 16 human rights, some of these are right to life, right to fair trial and right to marry. The Human rights act of 2000 explains all of out rights that we have and need to respect.
An example of rights would be that all people have the right to healthcare no matter what their diversity other peoples problem and if it was a problem to him he would have asked the council for help himself.
Diversity is based on the differences between individuals which we need to realise and respect. These differences could be cultures , languages or abilities . this can affect a person should they be deft or blind and in a health and social care setting this needs to be realised so as to not offend the client and to be able to fill their needs should this be providing brailed documents or someone who can use sign language.