Emotions Paper Lucy Horne PSY/355 July 24, 2011 Instructor: Jason Etchegaray Emotions Paper Science strategy is to classify a matter of subject into different classes. For example, chemists classify elements or botanists label plants. Psychologists classify emotions into simple categories. Every category is based on an emotion and cannot be summed up together into a larger group because it may lose the emotions defining characteristics.
It is presumed basic emotion exists and categorization is just not a convenient system with any correspondence. Emotion words are listed within a certain category, ranging from happy to light hearted, for example. Emotion categories are resultant of many means by making a meaning analysis. The semantic analysis investigates emotions and how they evolved in analyzing expressions (Deckers, 2010, p. 315). What can the analysis of words tell us about emotions?
A certain style of word can give a clue on what social or demographic an individual is from. For example, women use more pronouns and references while men use articles, and prepositions. Another is age as we age we refer less to ourselves, use positive emotions, fewer negative words, future tense, and use less past tense verbs (Tausczik & Pennebaker, 2009). In a high social class it is less likely to hear use of a 1st person and use less emotion words. Another method of research is facial expressions. For every emotion there is a facial expression,” writes Ekman and Izard who discovered that facial expression of emotions can be identified by people in different cultures all over the world (Deckers, 2010, p. 319). These findings led to the six basic emotions and six facial expressions. When emotions are felt the facial expression intensifies with the intensity of emotions. Clear identifiable facial expressions can be seen with the emotions of fear, anger, happy, sad, surprised, and disgust. Darwin noted that additional facial expressions in umans can signal emotions through vocals and behaviors such as blushing, hiding ones face, laughing, screams, and shrugging ones shoulder. This is one additional way to communicate and individuals can signal self-conscious emotions such as shame, embarrassment guilt, and pride (Deckers, 2010, p. 319). References Tausczik, Y. , & Pennebaker, J. W. (2009). Journal of Language and Social Psychology. Retrieved from http://www. liwc. net Deckers, L. (2010). Motivation: Biological, Psychological, and Environmental (p. 319). Allyn & Bacon