Emily PopeMrs. WallisEnvironment 210 January 2018How Poverty can affect the EnvironmentPoverty is a state where you cannot support yourself or afford certain needs of basic human survival. It does not only affect people around the world but affects the environment that they live in. I believe that in impoverished urban and rural areas there many factors that impact the environment such as, population increase, lack of sanitation systems, and environmental degradation.Having an increasing population growth is a common environmental issue in impoverished areas. As population increases, more land for homes and land for cultivation are needed. The homes in the urban and rural areas are usually poorly built.
Therefore, in the impoverished areas where the population is growing every day, it is common for sickness and disease to be passed around because of the limited space. Health centers and schools are services also needed within these communities. Although health centers are provided near these areas, the population rate brings a high demand for them making it more difficult for the people in these areas to access them.As stated before, the increasing population affects the sanitation and disease control in impoverished urban and rural areas. Untreated sewage is a common cause of disease in urban areas. Usually, waste is drained along the side of roads and indisposed waste materials are left on the side of the street.
The lack of good sanitation systems impacts the poor water quality in both of these areas. Diseases like typhoid and cholera can be found and can cause infections or death. The poor water quality does not only affect the people, but it affects the soil and inhabitants of the water, like fish. The people living in impoverished areas are also exposed to pollutants the air. They lack the knowledge of proper technique for safe production of products and use very harmful materials.
In impoverished areas, the people use their resources that are the most available to them in their environment. Although that does not seem like it would cause any harm, in an overpopulated area that has a need for expansion due to over congestion, it could affect the environment greatly. Environmental degradation is when the earth begins to deteriorate because of mass consumption of its resources, like deforestation. Deforestation is a big issue caused by poverty. The forest provides resources like wood and soil, but at the rapid rate of consumption of these materials, the forest can have a harder time recovering. When environmental degradation takes place in these areas, usually for resource or cultivation, it exposes the soil to harsh environmental forces that then leads to erosion, damaging the top layer of soil. This can affect food supply because the soil can become less nutrient and not supply enough supply.
Rural and urban areas that are impoverished affect the environment greatly. Their high population, lack of good sanitation systems, and lack of knowledge causing environmental degradation are only some factors that contribute to their effect on the environment. I believe through numerous efforts of outside help, the impact that countries with extreme poverty have on the environment can be helped.