Eisenhower’s administration was to a somewhat large extent successful in addressing Cold War fears after World War II through attempts at promoting capitalism and preventing the spread of communism. The end of the Second World War put many American citizens in fear and led to the Second Red Scare. Through many administrative decisions though, Eisenhower’s administration was able to on the most part prevent the further spread of communism and ultimately, put American citizens at ease. After the Second World War, many Americans feared the spread of communism to the Americas, which led to the Second Red Scare.
Eisenhower understood the fear American citizens felt and realized the possibility of hysterical reactions. (Doc A) Eisenhower’s understanding would help his administration destroy American fear of communism and maintain peace in the U. S. As the years after the Second World War continued, the fear of communism heightened. After the Reds took over China, American fear of communism increased to an extreme.
Further events, such as McCarthyism and Senator McCarthy’s false accusations led to the further growth of the Red Scare. The Red Scare led to hysteria amongst U. S. itizens, common Americans went to the extreme to build shelters in case of warfare. (Doc C). As lifestyles of Americans were threatened, it was justifiable of U. S. citizens to find ways to protect themselves. While the Second Red Scare went to an extreme, Eisenhower’s administration helped diminish the fright American citizens felt. Eisenhower’s administration took many actions to strengthen anti-communist states and prevent the spread of communism. One example would be the use of former President Truman’s containment policy to prevent ware between the U. S. and the USSR.
Another example would be, to prevent the Soviet Union from attacking the U. S. , the Eisenhower administration began massive retaliation or the mass building of nuclear weapons. This would help the United States save money and cause our enemies to think twice before starting an attack. The USSR building nuclear bombs themselves put the U. S. at risk (Doc E), this should be taken with a grain of salt though because the potential of a war and destruction was too much of a risk for both countries to attack. This potential put both countries back at a stalemate position.
Ultimately, massive retaliation acted as a protective barrier for the U. S. and American citizens, calming the fear of communism. Through domestic advancements, the Eisenhower administration was also able to increase calamity of U. S. citizens. For example, through the Interstate Highway System, the U. S. was not only able to make travel easier for American citizens, but up their defense against potential attacks. The Interstate Highway System could act as a quicker mode of transportation for the armed forces, which helped the American defense.
The Eisenhower administration’s decision to build the Interstate Highway System was a wise one, as a form of defense and a tool to connect not only the U. S. ’s major cities, but to connect industry to the military. Other domestic advancements would be the NDEA, which helped increased education among Americans. Eisenhower understood the necessity for education and increased education in fields such as science and engineering. (Doc G) His decision is reasonable because an educational advantage would help the U. S. against the USSR in technology. Even without an advantage in technology, it would put the U.
S. at the USSR’s level, further preventing Soviet attacks on the U. S. The Eisenhower administration’s foreign policy also calmed American citizens through promoting peace and providing aid to anti-communist countries. For example, in the Korean armistice, the U. S. signed a peace treaty with communist North Korea and China. Maintaining peace helped American fear diminish. Another example would be Eisenhower’s action in preventing the domino theory, or the idea that after South Vietnam fell to communism, other countries would follow suit.
His theory led to the U. S. roviding economic and military aid to South Vietnam in the hopes of building a stable and anti-communist state. Actions, such as, holding the Tenth Inter-American Conference, would provide plans for America in understanding the communist situation better. (Doc B) The Conferences were a great way to help U. S. prepare for any sudden attack from Communist countries. Behind the scenes, Eisenhower also utilized the CIA to its full extent, overthrowing communist governments and promoting anti-communist ones. All these actions led to the prevention of communism, ultimately tapering the effects of the Red Scare.
Through the Eisenhower administration, alliances and doctrines were created to strengthen anti-communist countries and prevent communist countries from attacking. For example, through the SEATO, multiple countries signed the pact as a defense. All countries of the pact promised to defend one another in case of an attack from communist countries. Another example would be the Eisenhower doctrine. The Eisenhower doctrine provided economic and military aid to countries in the Middle East, protecting them from being taken over by communism.
As alliances were created, American citizens were put at ease and American fear was addressed. Eisenhower’s administration was somewhat successful at addressing the fears of the American people. His administration was able to deal with the constantly increasing size of the Second Red Scare and was to an extent quite effective. The Eisenhower administration promoted anti-communism and prevented the spread of communism itself. This was the most effective strategy of not only stopping, but ending American fear of communism.