Dynastysimply means a geology of rulers who are all from the same family line. The Handynasty was the second period of imperial dynasty of china, after the Qindynasty it controlled for four centuries (206BC-220AD). It was regarded as the first unified and powerful empire inChinese history. The following are the unique characteristics of the Handynasty;TheSilk Road was established during this dynasty. There was anetwork of trade routes, that was established during the Han dynasty of whichit linked the regions of ancient world in commerce, as silk was the majorproduct during the trade. Because silk was the major trade productwhich traveled on this road,it was named the Silk Road in1877 by Ferdinand von Richthofen – a well-known German geographer. This ancientroute not only circulated goods, but also exchanged the splendid culturesof China, Persia, India,Arabia, Rome and Greek.
Negativenumber was first used in this dynasty. There are several improvementsin mathematics that took placeduring this period they include square roots, cube roots, the Pythagorean Theorem,improved calculations of pi, but the most important of all is the introductionof the use of negative numbers in the world’s history. This shows that there werea number of people who were creative during the period.Confucianismwas the official state ideology.
The Han Dynasty did benefit from Confucianism. Because of it, the HanDynasty improved and established the system of ruling the land by morals andethics, something that the Qin Dynasty has overlooked. The establishment of aConfucian state has helped Han Wudi rule for 54 years, making him one of thelongest rulers in China’s history. Papermaking technology was invented during this dynasty.It was during the Han dynasty Hempfiber and silk were used to make paper but the quality was far fromsatisfactory. Besides, thesetwo materials could be better used for other purposes so it was not practicalto make paper from them.
It’s regarded as a golden age in Chinesehistory. It’s because of theunique things that were done during this dynasty, it is the longest dynasty, along period of stability and prosperity of which made foundation of china as aunified state. A period in which economy, art, culture and science and technologywas boosted to higher heights. Due to all these impacts, today majority of thechina’s ethnic groups refers themselves as Han people and the Chinese script asHan characters.
The following are the reasons why I chose this dynasty.It helped in the Chinese economy growth. This dynasty was the starting point that theeconomy of china was boosted to a higher level. In agriculture, handcraft,industry, science and technology there were great achievements. This shows thatthere was a rapid growth in the country’s economy and the people’s welfaresomething which every country is strongly aiming at Han dynasty lasted longer than any otherdynasty in the Chinese history.
It lasted for four centuries, being the long lasted dynasty in thehistory it shows how strong it was and the important impact it has made. Due tolong time of leadership it might be the reason that most of the Chineseconsider themselves as the Hans today and Chinese script as Han characters The dynasty used Confucianism ideologyof which made the rulers to rule in a right way. Humanism was the central feature of the ideology, hencepeople were treated in a right way and without considering much those who hadpower, this is unlike other dynasties of which some of them used a dictator wayto rule its people, hence this shows that during this dynasty there was a stateof peace among the rulers and their peopleThe Han dynasty prevented china frombreaking up again after the Qin unification. This was through the construction of the Great Wall of China in largescale, there were other defensive lines that were built in this dynasty so asto increase defense. These walls also protected the ancient Silk Road thatlinked china and other western regions. This shows how this dynasty played agreat part in security measures and thus preventing china from breaking up.To conclude, TheHan dynasty or the Han Empire was the second imperial dynasty of China,preceded by the Qin dynasty and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period.
Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age inChinese history. That’s why if I could have a time machine, I could live in HanDynasty or Han empire.