I am going to compare two poems which are about war. The first poem is ‘Dulce et Decorum est’ which walks about the war it’s about the site of war through one persons eye. The other poem is ‘Civil War’ which is about a person who has never been to war, but has suffered a loss due to war. He writes about the war being fun then realizes that it is not all that great and satisfying. The poem ‘Dulce et Decorum est’ is about the war through a persons eye who was right there. The aims of the poem is to show hardship of war, scariness, violent, show how individually on can be emotionally disturbed by war and to show how the speaker feels about war.
The theme of the poem is to show the bad side of war with all the killings, disease and much more. In the first stanza of ‘Dulce et Decorum est’ the writer states “like old beggers unde sacks”, which is a Simile. This show how hard they hard they had while they were in the war. The words ‘old beggars’ has connotations with dirtyness, poor health and just horrid looking. Which with many people has sorry feelings for that person but for others it has anger and disloyal feelings. The writer quotes ‘we cursed through the sludge’ which shows how angrily they felt about the sludge.
The onomatopoeic word ‘cursed’ has connotations with shouting, swearing and pointing which that they were not always in the best of conditions. On the last stanza line of the first stanza the writer states “haunting flares” which has connotations with ghosts. Because ghosts appear and disappear without no trace. The writer conveys that the men marched asleep which is metaphorical. The metaphorical words ‘marched asleep’ have connotations with sleep walking but only this time their eyes were open but their bodies were shaped I different ways. The writer states ‘blood-shod’ which is a metaphor.
The word shod has different connotations like pushed, shoved dropped and engaged which all of them do not have good ways of showing what they mean. The writer also states ‘five nines’ which is a type of bomb made by the Germans. These bombs used to have horrendous damages to the British army. The word ‘five nines’ is the formal word for the disastrous German bomb. The words ‘fitting the clumsy helmet’ stated by the writer which is personification. The word ‘clumsy’ personifies the way the helmet was. It has connotations with fumbling and not being able to be used properly which shows the many hardships they had to go through.
The writer also states ‘I saw him drowning, in all my dreams, before my helpless sight, he plunges at me, guttering, chocking, drowning. ” This shows the physical emotional hardship that writer went through. No-one should go though not even the worst person that lived over the time because it is totally and utterly wrong. At the end of the sentence the writer shows tripling by using the words ‘guttering, chocking, drowning. ‘ The all have connotations with death but in an even serious matter they could be marked for life causing them pain all the time.
This shows that the writer has been emotionally disturbed by what he has seen with his own two eyes. Also this is emotionally disturbing because the writer saw him die and now in his dreams he sees him dying over and over again repeatedly because of the way he described the death. In the final stanza the writer states the ‘devils sick of sin’ which is alliteration and a simile. The sentence is a simile because it says that the devil was sick of sin which shows that the devil does not want to bad and sinful anymore, which not true because the devil is pure evil and will never get sick of sinning.
The alliteration of it backs it up because S has a harsh sound to it. The structure of hardship is unrelenting and is all the way through the poem. The way the writer tries to show how scary the poem is, is by stating ‘haunting flares’ which has connotations with ghosts. Because ghosts suddenly appear and disappear repeatedly. ‘marched asleep’ is a metaphor to show how tired they were all the time. The writer personifies the word ‘misty panes’. Because they can’t see through the eye holes of the gas mask. Misty has connotations with unclear and useable. This is how the writer shows how scary the experience was.
To show how violent the walfare was the writer used ‘Blod Shod’ which has connotations with shooting and pushing. The writer also states ‘flying’ which shows the painful death that all the soldiers went through. The device he used is personification on the sentence five. This is personified because he says that the bombs aren’t harmful but it is not true because the bomb is very dangerous and he doesn’t want to show it. The way he structures this is by placing it all the way through. The syntax he uses to show how violent the warfare is “Dulce et Decorum est pro patrio mori.
The way the writer shows how individually one can be emotionally disturbed by war is by stating the word ‘dreams’. Dreams are mainly associated with pain and death, like someone getting strangled and other methods of chocking. The device he uses is tripling. The words he uses are ‘chocking, guttering, drowning which are all to do with painful deaths. The way he structures it is by placing only in the second stanza. The syntax he uses to show how emotionally disturbed by war someone could be is by stating ‘I saw him drowning’ which would make anyone emotionally disturbed.
The way the writer shows how he feels about the poem is by using word meaning association which is ‘desperate glory’. This shows his feelings to glory. Because he is annoyed and they need a win in the long battle they had. The word sounds he uses is ‘desperate glory again. It has an hard sound to show the way they were feeling. The device he uses is ‘innocent tongues’ which is personification. The word ‘tongue’ is personified because something happened to their tongues during the war. The place he puts it is he feels right at the end.
The syntax is ‘Dulce et Decorum est’ because it puts everything into one thing. The poem ‘Civil War’ is about the telling of the civil war by one person who has never been there ever. But ‘Dulce et Decorum est’ is still about war, yet it is told through the eyes of a person who has been there right in the middle of a war. The poem ‘Civil War’ is about a war which is told by a person that has not been in war himself. The aims of this poem are to show the enjoyment of war, war is glorious and right and also maybe to show that others are not keen on war.
And the atmosphere created is, is that its less personal, trying to make it heavenly, comfortable, playful and thoughtful which is completely and utterly inaccurate. Also throughout the poem there are two people speaking. Each stanza is like a speech bubble for one person and another one for the other. In the first stanza an officer is speaking to a soldier. The writer states ‘shoot me a fancy shot’ which is saying that he wants someone to shoot. This is showing that he has control over a lot of things and his controlling what the soldier does.
Also in the first stanza he tries to make the things he saying seem very positive about war. The way he shows this by is saying ‘prowling vidette’ which shows positive connotations with it. In this stanza the writer feels that war is a positive thing and that everyone should be in a war to show their greatness and the great accomplishments. In stanza two now the soldier is speaking back to the officer. The soldier makes fun of what he is doing and in doing so he tries to have a heroic moment. The soldier states ‘Crack! went the rifle’ which shows what he is doing.
He tries to make it sound so unrealistic. He uses all these fancy words to make it seem that it was a good thing, and that everyone who hasn’t shpt anyone should shoot someone. In stanza three the officer speaks again, but this time his attitude has changed. This time he wants the soldier to steal things of the other solider which he shot down. He wants the soldier to have a trophy for killing someone. The writer uses tripling which is ‘button, a loop, or that luminous patch’. This is showing that the officer wants something that just shines out and blinds the eye in the light.
They are grave robbing which in the eyes of many people it is wrong. The writer also states ‘that gleams like a diamond stud’ which shows that he wants things that look beautiful and are worth a lot of money. In stanza four and stanza five the soldier speaks. The soldier uses negative vocabulary because he doesn’t like dead bodies and also because it reminds the writer of his brother who was in the war, when he states ‘fallen vidette, for he looked so like you’. This is showing that the writer misses his brother so very much. Suddenly when it comes to stanza four the atmosphere becomes more negative.
He doesn’t like the look of the body the way it just lays there lifeless right there in front of him. In stanza five the writer says that the soldier took the locket, but when he looked inside it he saw a picture of that persons wife. He now thinks that the enemy is not just an enemy anymore. He thinks that it’s a person now because of the picture of his wife. The writer thinks that war is just about shooting, killing and destroying. He thinking more about the people in it about hat will happen to their families if die or pass away. Or anything other than that.
The last two stanzas the officer speaks. In stanza six the writer does not care anymore he uses the word ‘fling’ which is not a word used by people who are posh. The word ‘fling’ has connotations with throwing or just give it here but in one word. The word ‘fling’ is a slang word used in a friendly language from one friend to another. Also he is more respectful to dead people. In stanza six he says that he wants to bury him because it’s honorable and satisfactory. In stanza seven he tells the soldiers that you have to be strong, not weak.
You have to stand up for your country and do what you have to do to keep the dignity and respect for yourself and your country. Te writer for the poem ‘Civil War’ feels that war is obligatory and you must do it no matter what. You have to do what you are told to do and must never disobey anything that you are told. But in ‘Dulce et decorum est’ the writer doesn’t like war he tells the reader the horrific events that happen in war and also he tries to show what things he sees what he does and other unimaginable things which won’t happen in everyday things.