Domestic water supply means the source that provides clean water forboth usage indoor and outdoor households purposes.
Domestic water supplies are one of the fundamental necessitiesfor human life. Without water, human cannot survive beyond a few days and insufficientwater supplies leads to the spread of disease (Rottier & Ince,2003). Abdullah (2015) was reported in Malaysia Kini that the amount ofwater consumption per day of Malaysians in 2013 was 210 liters, while in 2014,the normal consumption has increased to 212 liters which increment by 2 litersor almost 141 bottles of 1.5 liters per person every day. However, only 30 percent of the water usage is genuinelyused for cooking and drinking, while the rest of it is utilized for otherutilities like washing cars, washing pools and washing clothes. As a comparison, consumption is exceed the waterconsumption recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) which is 165liters daily (Abdullah, 2015).
National Academy ofSciences (1999) has been stated that in this era globalization thedemand of clean water has been increasemore than twice as the rate of the population increase. Water shortage fordomestic usage is a situation when there is a lack of amount safe water because of low quality for consumption. Watershortage occurs when the natural waterresources are insufficiency to meet the demand of the community in certainregions. It has been stated by Nyan (2004), some of area in Sarawak especially coastal area haschronically water shortage problem due tothe characteristic of water resources. The consumption of not clean water willnegative impacts to health and may cause various diseases or even results infatality (Nyan, 2004). The rural areas in Sarawak are supplied with water through the gravityfeed water supply systems in which the stream water is channeled directly tothe households through the polyethylene (PVC) pipe without treatment (Nyan, 2004). However, insome places, the only water available foruse is the peat water.
Peat water whichcontains a high concentration of humicsubstances might be harmful to humanhealth (Sakarinen, 2016). The usage of the peat water for domestic usage is very important especially forhousehold’s works for doing chores such as washing clothes, washing utensils andcooking.