Christopher WagnerMs. BarnesAP U.S History12/8/2017Blood and Gore: How it led to a Good America so you think.
The American Civil War, fought between 1861-1865 was the deadliest war fought on American soil. There were many causes that led up to the beginning of the Civil War. The Missouri compromise which blew up in their faces when trying to keep the balance between slave and Free states (Barnes lecture np). The end of the Mexican American gained land and it was a concern because of the issue of slavery and the Missouri Compromise. In effect of the Missouri compromise the fugitive slave law was passed, and if any spotted a slave on the run the must turn them in or pay a fine. In 1852 a lady by the name Harriet Becher released Uncle Tom’s Cabin which put a light on slavery. Harriet Beecher was a white woman who describes the physical abuse slaves that were given, without even seen an inch of slavery in her life it change some perspectives toward the treatment of slaves in the south (Barnes lecture np). In 1857 an African American by the name Dred Scott lost a case in determining his freedom.
The Supreme Court ruled that he couldn’t sue because he was property. This lead to a new law passed by Congress allowing slave owner to bring their slaves into Free states (Barnes lecture np). John Brown an activist for abolitionist who raided an arsenal in Virginia hoping to start an uprising. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president and he made it clear that there shall be no slavery in any states. The Tension between the North and the South rose when President Abraham Lincoln was elected. The south seceded from the Union shortly after the election. This was known to be the start of the American Civil War.
The most important impact of the Civil War was that it freed on all African American slaves from slavery. Who and what led us to this, the important people of the Civil War and how they impacted the civil war, major battle that shapes the war, and major ways the Civil War affected the United States after the War. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. Born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky (Biography.com Editors np). He was the leader of the Union during the Civil War and the abolisher of slavery. Lincoln won the presidential election in November of 1860.
Many believe he didn’t have an opinion on slavery until he was elected president. Shortly after he won he publicly announced his opinion of slavery in which he said there shall be no slavery. South Carolina was the first state to secede from the union one month later after Lincoln was elected(Barnes lecture notes).Then Joined other states and formed a new country the Confederacy Lead by Robert E. Lee (Biography.com Editors np) Robert E. Lee born January 19, 1807, in his family home in Virginia. At 18, he enrolled at West Point Military Academy, where he put his drive and serious mind to work.
He placed second in his graduating class after four spotless years without a demerit and wrapped up his studies with perfect scores in artillery, infantry, and cavalry before the Civil War Robert E. Lee was an outstanding soldier in the army and led his hometown in the Civil War (Civil War trust np). Before the Civil War, he was a soldier who fought in the Mexican war (Barnes lecture np).Robert E .Lee fought and won many battles and without his leadership, the confederate would have a chance against the union.
He was a major part of the outcome of the civil war He fought many battles with the Union general and future president Ulysses S. Grant. Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27, 1822, in Point Pleasant, Ohio. He was entrusted with the command of all U.
S. armies in 1864 and relentlessly pursued the enemy during the Civil War (history.com np). Ulysses S. Grant led many battles and won almost everyone he led. He was announced a 5-star general (Barnes lecture np).In 1869, at age 46, Grant became the youngest president of the United States. Although he was an outstanding cause the north won the Civil War he was and terrible president and later in life went bankrupt (history.
com np). Ulysses S. Grant was a great general and won many important battles of the Civil War most shaping the outcome of the war. Like some of the battles listed below. The Battle of Fort Henry fought on February 6, 1862, was the first significant Union victory of the American Civil War 1861-65. In an effort to gain control of rivers and supply lines west of the Appalachians, Union Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant and Commodore Andrew Foote launched an attack on the lightly defended Fort Henry in Tennessee (got 2). Columbia and Tennessee rivers control by Union, cutting off Confederate access to two key waterways for the remainder of the war (Civil War Trust np).
The Battle of Gettysburg fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War. After a great victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863.July 1st the Confederate army collided with the union. Starting another battle as the Confederate attack the Federals. He orders his entire army to Cemetery Ridge. He attacks the union line eventually falling (History.com np).
Lee was forced to withdraw his army (history.com np).This was the turning point of the American Civil War. This where we saw who was most likely to win the war. The Battle of Palmito Ranch was the last battle of the American Civil War.
Theodore H. Barrett, commanding forces at Brazos Santiago dispatched an expedition composed of 250 men under the command of David Branson (civil war trust np). May 11, 1865, Rebels attack some outposts and camps. May 12th, the expeditionary force surrounded the Rebel outpost at White’s Ranch but found no one there.
Later that morning, people on the Mexican side of the river informed the Rebels of the Federals’ whereabouts. Branson promptly led his men off to attack a Confederate camp at Palmito Ranch(civil war trust np).The Rebels hammered the Union line with artillery and Barrett ordered a retreat, ending the last battle in the Civil War(civil war trust np).After this battle, many things change in American and not only for African Americans. In conclusion, it was a lot going on in the 1860’s there were many people and battles that affect American society even after the war ended. This is a very important part of American history because many parts shaped the America we know today.
In today’s society slavery still does not exists but racism just didn’t stop after the war there were many bumpy roads to get where we are and we still see the Confederate flag hanging in some parts of the United States. The American Civil War was a very important part of American history that many still reenact like it going to make a difference or have a different outcome. If the civil war never happened and the events and battle listed above never took place we could never know what American society would be. Would slavery exists would, would the technology be the same, governments and politics could’ve all been change if it wasn’t for some of the leaders above. This event and well-respected people above (except Robert E. lee in most parts of the United States) change American Society not only after the Civil War but the decades after.Work cited “Abraham Lincoln.
” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 11 Aug. 2017, www.biography.com/people/abraham-lincoln-9382540.”Civil War Timeline.” HistoryNet, www.
historynet.com/civil-war-timeline.”World & US History Online.” HistoryNet, www.historynet.com/.
Robert E. Lee.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 31 Oct. 2017, www.
biography.com/people/robert-e-lee-9377163.Gott, Kendall D. Where the South Lost the War: an Analysis of the Fort Henry-Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862. Stackpole, 2012.
Shmoop Editorial Team. “The Civil War Summary & Analysis.” Shmoop, Shmoop University, 11 Nov. 2008, www.shmoop.com/civil-war/summary.html.”The Free Automatic Bibliography Composer.” EasyBib, Chegg, www.easybib.com/cite/view.